for Us. He had a message for anyone who intended to replicate the behavior of the San Roque residents: “I will not hesitate. The Philippine economy suffered its deepest contraction on record in the second quarter and revised down its forecast for the year amid one of Asia’s strictest lockdowns against the coronavirus. A week later, the government announced its initial emergency response package to the virus, totaling $535 million. Since the lockdown went into effect, he has peddled the narrative of. South Korea's government is banking on AI as part of its post-COVID recovery. Philippines Manila: A megacity where the living must share with the dead As the world faces overpopulation, the Philippine capital highlights the problems it … The Philippines is among the newly democratized developing states. “Inflation is the most political of all economic risks because it can be felt immediately,” said Gene Pilapil, a political science professor at the University of the Philippines in Quezon City. On the day the first case was confirmed in the Philippines, presidential spokesperson Salvador Panelo clarified that the government wouldn’t be distributing masks to vulnerable populations as it had none to give out. Business news and analysis. Economic problems in the Philippines include high unemployment and the concentration of wealth in a small number of wealthy families. The global crisis is first and foremost a public health issue, but Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has faced the coronavirus pandemic in a decidedly militaristic fashion. Many people are desperate and fighting over aid … just to get $100 to $150.”, About or “undisciplined” citizens as responsible for the ensuing problems. On April 1, more than a hundred people from the city slums of Sitio San Roque gathered on a nearby highway to voice their discontent and demand food and aid. With hospitals reportedly lacking in personal protective equipment (PPE), the financial stimulus came with disheartening details that half of the amount was intended for boosting the tourism industry and only 11.4 percent was aimed toward the acquisition of testing kits and other materials to curb the virus.Â, The World Health Organization (WHO) has urged the mass production and use of testing kits as a basic necessity in combating the pandemic, yet even the DOH on March 20 felt that there was “no need for mass testing yet,” a reminder of how they sorely misread the situation.Â, Doctor Josh San Pedro, a co-convener of the Coalition of People’s Right to Health (CPRH), explained to The Diplomat that “health authorities may have been complacent, as it was only in mid-March that significant improvements were made to testing capacity, despite locally-made kits being ready as early as February. Police have begun to target relief workers and even people posting unflattering opinions about Duterte online. Public officials are currently mulling the extension of the lockdown until June 15, which indicates that the country isn’t on the verge of managing the pandemic, contrary to DOH pronouncements.Â, However, Dr. Julie Caguiat, also of CPRH, mentioned that there should be a better roadmap to attaining this with “mass testing not only for those with symptoms. In a new book, a professor at the National Defense University in Washington, D.C. explores how great power competition is driving greater naval reach of Eurasian powers. Although the Philippine economy grew substantially in the early 2010s, lingering poverty remains another economic problem in the country. Those were the years the country was under Ferdinand Marcos and martial law , witnessed the assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr. , saw changes to the Philippine energy law , [ clarification needed ] and the popularity of … The arrests occurred just over a week after Duterte granted himself emergency powers to deal with the pandemic. They should instead opt for a universal approach, extending financial assistance to everyone in need throughout the process. This country also has a significant problem with government corruption, a fact that hinders the potential for maximum private for… Twenty-one of the hungry protesters were beaten and arrested by the police. Downplaying the hysteria as Filipinos scrambled for protective, medical, and sanitation equipment, Duterte attempted to allay fears in early February, saying there was “nothing really to be scared of.”Â, Meanwhile, there was a noticeable rapid decline in supplies of items like face masks. Duterte ordered a travel ban only for passengers coming from Wuhan, China specifically on January 31, a day after the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed in the Philippines. Published articles on dengue research in the Philippines and on Filipinos that reported objectives, methods and results or descriptive epidemiologic and case reports were included. Much is still needed in expanding testing throughout the archipelago, such as increasing testing and quarantine centers to minimize backlogs.”, Even with the DOH announcing that the country is starting to “flatten the curve,” coupled with a new target of 30,000 tests per day by the end of May, there is still some doubt as to whether this is achievable. What growth occurred in recent years came in the real estate and gambling industries, which do not produce long-term, middle-class jobs. After experiencing years of positive growth, the Philippine economy between 1973 and 1986 suffered a downturn due to a mixture of domestic and international problems. A majority of these countries began to use western democracies to shape their government. Ninety-two individuals across five cities were imprisoned while either engaging in feeding programs or joining online protests.Â, Prominent human rights group KARAPATAN slammed the mass arrests, saying the regime should refocus its efforts. COVID-19 could affect the global economy in three main ways: by directly affecting production, by creating supply chain and market disruption, and by its financial impact on firms and financial markets. That’s according to the World Bank’s latest edition of Global Economic Prospects. North Korea continues to be hypersensitive about its handling of the pandemic. Since the lockdown went into effect, he has peddled the narrative of pasaways or “undisciplined” citizens as responsible for the ensuing problems. If Biden changes course on China, relatively speaking, could India-U.S. relations be affected? Their already poverty-stricken community, like many others, had found it near impossible to deal with having no livelihood or even space to stock up on food in such tight quarters. After analyzing government data, mathematics professor Lex Muga hopes that the target can be achieved but explained that “community transmission has not stopped. Traditionally, the economy stabilized on the agrarian contributions and the manufacture of garments, pharmaceutical products, and semiconductors. On top of deploying thousands of police and soldiers throughout the archipelago to enforce the ECQ, Duterte has on two occasions threatened the public with all-out martial law. The Philippines And the struggle for democracy The second half of the 20th century brought many new countries in Southeast Asia. Collapsing of Philippines Many countries and organizations start to wonder that... Philippines Underdevelopment. The country is now home to multiple cultures and ethnic groups. Democracy in the Philippines After … In the last decade, electronic exports added to the exports, along with various products obtained by min… Despite official optimism over a trade deal, tensions continue to simmer at the people-to-people level. Plagued by chronic procedural problems in the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), there are constant complaints of the SAP not reaching its intended beneficiaries and the allocations per town being far too small to do much good. Malacañang on Thursday contested the Philippines' low ranking in a resilience index by Bloomberg, an international top financial news provider, some 8 months into the varying degrees of lockdown that robbed millions of their job and lashed the economy. Finding the balance between public health and reviving the economy has been fraught with dilemmas. Because foreign nations see the Filipino government as untrustworthy, foreign nations and businesses hesitate to invest capital in the country. With a slashed budget for disease surveillance and epidemiology for 2020, contact tracing was increasingly difficult in Metro Manila for example, one of the world’s most densely populated cities.”, Since the start of the pandemic, China has maintained a favorable position in the Duterte administration’s eyes. The group’s secretary general Cristina Palabay said, “The Duterte government and its minions [are] exploiting quarantine measures to harass, vilify, and rabidly arrest — even kill — activists. The start of the school year in the Philippines has been delayed, again. Former DSWD chief and now of the broad network CURE COVID (Citizen’s Urgent Response to End COVID-19) Judy Taguiwalo criticized the use of an outdated census to guide the state’s relief effort. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. After recording the first locally transmitted case in November, Mongolia’s local cases of COVID-19 have surpassed imported cases. But there are conditions, such as mass testing. For most middle-class families without high-return investment accounts or trust funds to rely on, their main source of income are their jobs. When we can see that the number of cases are decreasing daily is when we can assume the curve is flattening. He subsequently drew flak for violating quarantine protocols to visit his pregnant wife in the hospital, putting all the medical staff at risk. Because the wealthy own a great portion of the country's land, farmland is expensive. DOH data is based on those who are confirmed positive with the virus but it has thousands of backlogs which we don’t yet know the results.”. Other locals have recounted similar stories. Although the Philippine economy grew substantially in the early 2010s, lingering poverty remains another economic problem in the country. Get briefed on the story of the week, and developing stories to watch across the Asia-Pacific. 4 Callison, C. Stuart, Economic Assessment of the New Society and Key Problems and Issues Facing New Republic of the Philippines (USAID Manila, 1 … Economic problems in the Philippines include high unemployment and the concentration of wealth in a small number of wealthy families. KUALA LUMPUR: The new government’s decision to set up an action council to address the country’s pressing economic issues has received positive responses. He has also brought up unsubstantiated activities of guerrilla groups as threats to government aid efforts without conceding any missteps in his management. Philippines Economic Outlook. How will Beijing use its version? My orders are to the police and military, as well as village officials, if there is any trouble, or occasions where there’s violence and your lives are in danger: shoot them dead.”, Taking his cue, the police declared they will stop issuing warnings and will simply arrest even low-level violators of the quarantine rules. But a few days earlier, government leaders were touting Philippine generosity in aiding China with a donation of masks worth $1.4 million that were shipped to Wuhan.Â, A full month passed before Duterte officially declared the country in a “State of Public Health Emergency” on March 9, five days before the number of confirmed COVID 19 patients breached the 100 mark. Many people are desperate and fighting over aid … just to get $100 to $150.”, To deal with the inadequacies, Congress’ Makabayan (Patriotic) bloc, composed of several opposition parties, has forwarded a bill to expand the SAP in the hopes of reaching out to more Filipinos in need. The UAE has officially approved a Sinopharm vaccine, while there are promising unofficial results from Sinovac’s Indonesia trial. The Philippines and Democracy 2439 Words | 10 Pages. Us, Write A few days later, the ban was expanded to the entirety of China, with the delay, as affirmed by Department of Health (DOH) chief. Filipino workers who make the daily operation of transport systems, factories, and malls possible are still largely left out in the government’s aid efforts,” said the coalition in a joint statement.Â, The whole world is looking forward to a return to some semblance of normalcy. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. Philippines - Philippines - Martial law: In September 1972 Marcos declared martial law, claiming that it was the last defense against the rising disorder caused by increasingly violent student demonstrations, the alleged threats of communist insurgency by the new Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), and the Muslim separatist movement of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). Those who are helping the poor are being put in jail.”Â. Social, Economic, and Political Issues in the Philippines Church Response POLICE AND SECURITY APPARATUS Serious institutional problems, one of which is corruption, in PNP Ineffective Internal Affairs Service of the PNP PNP members often accused of torture, accepting bribes Poverty is a major social problem in the Philippines with 21.6 percent of the Filipino population earning an income below the poverty line, according to the Philippine Statistics Authority. He was brought to the local military encampment and told to cease all political activity, surrender to the government, and only then would they receive any aid. “Income growth of the middle class has been slower than for both those above and below them,” Richard Reeves, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institute and the director of its Future of the Middle Class Initiative, told ABC News. At a police press briefing in early April, arrests were shown to have spiked during the quarantine, with the cops nabbing an average of more than a thousand people per day nationwide.Â, Since then there have been reports and sightings of extreme prejudice in the operations of law enforcement. She told The Diplomat, “Limiting the financial assistance to a list based on the 2015 census created major delays in the distribution. Many children live in poverty in the Philippines, often lacking adequate shelter and clothing. Titles and abstracts were screened for eligibility. With newly acquired powers he called for an even stricter implementation of the ECQ. Impoverished children often live with their parents in bamboo huts that lack adequate stability and structure. In this May 11, 2020, photo provided by the Malacanang Presidential Photographers Division, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, wearing a mask, talks to cabinet officials during a meeting at the Malacanang presidential palace in Manila, Philippines. On top of deploying thousands of police and soldiers throughout the archipelago to enforce the ECQ, Duterte has on two occasions threatened the public with all-out martial law. Lunzaga adds, “We have four barangays (towns) in the Pandi municipality, each with more than a thousand poor families. Despite rapid economic growth in the Philippines in recent years, unemployment remains a persistent problem for the sprawling Southeast Asian nation of … The Diplomat has removed paywall restrictions on our coverage of the COVID–19 crisis. They particularly noted that 1.7 million workers have been excluded from aid programs.Â, “It is reprehensible that while Duterte’s economic managers discuss the need for economic recovery from the COVID-19 fallout. Another economic problem in the Philippines is lingering government corruption. The state should welcome the involvement of civil society groups and the private sector in the relief effort and reduce obstacles of various permits for their participation.”, Robert Lunzaga, a community leader in the province of Bulacan from the national urban poor group Kadamay, told The Diplomat that not only were SAP allotments too few for their predominantly impoverished town but those aligned with organizations critical of the administration were bullied by the authorities. , attributed to a reluctance to upset relations with China. What should South Asian states expect from the United States under Joe Biden? Its growth is hindered by underdeveloped infrastructure and widespread poverty. It is a bleak one marred by a totalitarian streak and the people’s increased realization that the state is more intent on filling jails and the pockets of Chinese businesses than starving stomachs.Â. Lunzaga adds, “We have four barangays (towns) in the Pandi municipality, each with more than a thousand poor families. As the SARS-CoV-2 virus has spread around the globe, concerns have shifted from supply-side manufacturing issues to decreased business in the services sector. Hopefully, there can be random testing in areas that may have bigger concentrations of people.” Caguiat also noted that testing operations should be free (some cost around $60), with clear procedures on contact tracing for all — something that has yet to be undertaken, unlike in neighboring countries.Â, In the immediate aftermath of the lockdown, poor Filipinos especially were distraught by the prospect of contending with hunger. 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