Climate and Average Weather in Kenya. Kenya Jump to. Projects & Operations; Finances; Global Economic Prospects - Forecasts; Climate; GDP (current US$) Details. whose recharge depends on rainfall. Details. Annual Weather Averages in Nairobi. In Tanzania, rainfall has decreased approx. In earlier communications in this journal, we called attention to some events and presented a diagnostic analysis of the circulation mechanisms of Kenya rainfall anomalies (Hastenrath et al. Furthermore, the … Deciding when to go to Kenya is a perennial question for visitors. Kenya has a dipole rainy season in which the long rains are generally from March to May as the ITCZ moves northwards, and the short rains are typically from October to December as the ITCZ retreats southwards. Rainfall has remained steady or declined over most of the region during the past several decades. The best time of year to visit Masai Mara in Kenya. Overall, several researchers have raised the qu estion whether the current drought EWS in Kenya adequately responds to the highlighted problems of vulnerability to food shortage and famine in drought-exposed areas [15,16,18]. The largest decreases in the region were found in southern Tanzania and central Kenya. School enrollment, primary (% gross) Details. Distribution of areas suitable for tea cultivation within the current growing areas in Kenya will decrease,” the Kalro study says. Precipitation in Kenya decreased to 69.94 mm in December from 153.21 mm in November of 2015. Climate change is adversely affecting Kenya through increased temperatures, erratic rainfall, and drought. The best time to travel Northern Kenyan highlights like Lake Turkana, and Heavy rainfall above 200 mm is expected in parts of Ethiopia, South Sudan and Kenya in the coming eight days, according to Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD). undefined Ouédraogo, undefined Gathenya, undefined Raude, Projecting Wet Season Rainfall Extremes Using Regional Climate Models Ensemble and the Advanced Delta Change Model: Impact on the Streamflow Peaks in Mkurumudzi Catchment, Kenya, Hydrology, … Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population) Details. In addition, over $13 million private finance will Average temperatures range from 72 to 97 degrees Fahrenheit (22 to 36 degrees Celsius). The rainfall decrease is seen more during the March to … this surface temperature varies from year to year. The Kenya Meteorological Department has warned that there will be a possibility of heavy rainfall and flooding in 15 counties in the first week of December, 2020. April is the wettest month in Northern Kenya. Climate data and weather averages in Nairobi. Ocean Dipole (IOD) on the Kenyan rainfall. Heavy rains during the March rainy season resulted in many riparian flooding events, washing away villages and agriculture along many of Kenya's waterways. Current and forecast rainfall indicative of early to timely onset of rainfall seasons in February and March . Although these regions still show an overall seasonal rainfall surplus, they entered the current dry season with depleted soil moisture levels and below-average vegetation cover. • Kenya’s current capacity to address climate risks given its policy framework, institutional arrangements, information availability, ongoing projects and capacity needs. Kenya is a water scarce country, whose per capita water availability is one of the lowest in Africa, making access to clean water a problem in many areas of the country, including the capital, Nairobi. Moreover, most of the rainfall based research has been on a recent decadal-scale, which is insufficient for establishing long-term rainfall variability [28,29]. el niño episodes usually cause greater than average short rains, while cold phases (la niña) bring a drier than average season. Enhanced rainfall tends to occur in Kenya during the “Short Rains” Season (October to December) of the year of onset of an El Niño. From October to December, Kenya experienced one of the wettest short rains seasons on record, with rainfall totals ranging up to 400 percent of average. Similarly, the report shows rainfall is expected to change considerably by the year 2050 in comparison to the current climatological distribution. Approximately 31 million Kenyans live in rural areas where the growth rate is about 2.2%, while the urban population is about 8 million, with a growth rate of about 4%. Precipitation in Kenya averaged 55.84 mm from 1901 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 318.33 mm in November of 1961 and a record low of 0.99 mm in February of 1997. With USAID support, Kenya is developing crucial climate change policies and legislation, such as the Climate Change Policy Frame Work, Climate Change Bill, and the National Climate Change Finance Policy and Budget Codes. Summary of Trends of Current Climate in East Africa. "The spatial extent of regions that normally experience high rainfall is clearly reducing. They caused more than 430 deaths, notably in Kenya and Rwanda. 3 mm/month or 3% per decade. greatly influences the rainfall pattern in Kenya. homogeneous rainfall regions in Kenya, using linear regression techniques. CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita) Details. It is hot and humid at the coast, temperate inland and very dry in the north and northeast part of the country. In Kenya, rainfall is a very important climate element because many socio-economic activities heavily depend on this weather element. Population, total. Recent flooding in Kenya in April 2013 led to 62 deaths and almost 90,000 displaced people. This page includes a chart with historical data for Kenya Average Precipitation. Kenya’s climate varies from tropical along the coast to arid in the interior. Temperature in Kenya averaged 24.12 celsius from 1850 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 27.18 celsius in March of 2005 and a record low of 21.28 celsius in July of 1922. Throughout the country, the hottest months are December to March. KEY MESSAGES • Since mid-February, Tanzania and equatorial East Africa have received aboveaverage rainfall- . the most important influence is the el niño southern oscillation (enso). So there is all over the year the same difference of 3 hours to Greenwich Mean Time. The major rivers in Kenya are the Tana and Athi that flow southeast to the Indian Ocean. Based on current forecast global climate conditions, the North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) predicts below- average rainfall is most likely in the OND 2020 season. The 2020 East Africa floods were a natural disaster in Rwanda, Kenya, Somalia, Burundi, Ethiopia, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti and Tanzania, affecting at least 700,000 people.They began when excessive rains began falling in March, leading to massive flooding and landslides. As in many countries near the equator, there is also no daylight saving time in Kenya. Rainfall is limited, and this area may go for many months without any rain at all. The expected distribution is derived from statistical analysis of past years, whose characteristics were found to exhibit similarities to the current year. current and future floods in Kenya. Having said that, most visitors will find something positive about the weather through most of the year. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Kenya has a tropical climate. There is significant inter-annual and spatial variation in the strength and timing of these rains. Over recent years equatorial East Africa experienced alternations of extreme drought and floods. There’s no simple ‘best time to visit Kenya’ as good conditions vary across the country, and one person’s ideal weather will be another’s disappointment. When the rains do come, they often take the form of spectacular thunderstorms. ‘cold’ in current climate. He says winds have brought in moist, warm air from the western Indian Ocean. Current time in Kenya: The countrywide time in Kenya is Eastern Africa Time (EAT). The rainfall projections in Kenya are inconsistent with a range of models and scenarios suggesting both an increase and a decrease in total precipitation [27]. FEWS NET’S research shows that the NMME forecast has predicted nine below-average OND rainfall seasons in this region since 1996, and eight of these forecasts correctly anticipated droughts. These events are expected to become exceedingly rare, and do not occur at all under the highest emissions scenarios (A2 and A1B) by the 2090s. The average decreases during the past 50 years are on the order of 5-25%. Precipitation • Projections of mean rainfall are consistent in indicating increases in annual rainfall in Kenya. This has also affected southern Kenya and northern Tanzania, where December–January is the wettest period of the season and where vegetation quickly dropped to below-average levels. Current weather in Nairobi and forecast for today, tomorrow, and next 14 days Kenya has experienced seven severe droughts over the period 1991-2008 affecting over 35 million people. Temperature in Kenya increased to 26.52 celsius in December from 25.14 celsius in November of 2015. 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