It is operated by China Yangtze Power and is currently the third-largest power station with the fourth-tallest dam in the world. Worse, another 100,000 were murdered by starving marauders. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Subsequently, more-effective levees were built, but the floods of 1954 and 1998 were still highly destructive and killed some 30,000 and 3,650 people, respectively. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. The Yangtze River is the largest river in Asia and the third largest in the World, and also accounted for nearly 20% of China’s GDP. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word 1954 yangtze river flood: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "1954 yangtze river flood… 3). The 1998 flood resulted in higher peak stages in the middle and lower reaches than the 1954 flood, the largest flood in the last century. 3). Antonyms for 1954 Yangtze river flood. Despite efforts to open three important flood gates to alleviate the rising water by diverting it, the flood level continued to rise until it hit the historic high of 44.67 m (146.6 ft) in Jingzhou, Hubei and 29.73 m (97.5 ft) in Wuhan. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Keywords: Approved For Release 2003/06/04: CIA-RDP80R01443R000300010011-7 MEMORANDUM FOR: Director of Central Intelligence SUBJECT The 1954 Yangtze River Flood Disaster 1. The Plant Memorial, a 50-foot granite obelisk, was erected in 1923 at the Yangtze Three Gorges to perpetuate the name of Samuel Cornell Plant. Subsequently, more-effective levees were built, but the floods of 1954 and 1998 were still highly destructive and killed some 30,000 and 3,650 people, respectively. Yangtze reach and 5.65×10 4 m3 s-1 in the middle Yangtze; and in 1954, 4.95×10 4m 3s-1 was recorded in the upper reaches, 6.65×10 m s-1 in the middle and 8.42×10 4 m3 s-1 in the lower reaches ( Fig. One of the major objectives of the Three Gorges Dam project was to alleviate flooding on the lower Yangtze. Modern-day Wuhan is known as 'China's Thoroughfare' (九省通衢) due to its status as a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways passing through the city and connecting to other major cities. They were some of the deadliest floods in history, and together formed one of the most lethal natural disasters of the 20th century, excluding pandemics and famines. We must still be prepared to do battle against and overcome similarly severe floods that may occur in the future. The Qing River is a right (southern) tributary of the Yangtze River in Hubei province of south-central China. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. It is not to be confused with the Chinese white dolphin or the finless porpoise. The South–North Water Transfer Project, also translated as the South-to-North Water Diversion Project is a multi-decade infrastructure mega-project in the People's Republic of China. the upper course of the Yangtze in China. Consequently, sediment was deposited only on the river bottom or in Dongting Lake, which caused the flood level to rise and created a lowland on the north bank. Corrections? The dam was subsequently rebuilt. Despite efforts to open three important flood gates to alleviate the rising water by diverting it, the flood level continued to rise until it hit the historic high of 44.67 m in Jingzhou, Hubei and 29.73 m in Wuhan. Events in the year 1957 in China. Despite the death of 30,000 people in the devastating 1954 Yangtze floods, the regime sabotaged the natural defences against flooding in the middle and lower Yangtze regions. It was the second largest flood to hit the region, reaching a height of 9.4 metres in Rockhampton on February 19, 1954. The country had an estimated population of 635 million people. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,059,686 inhabitants whom 1,350,150 lived in the built-up area made of Yiling, Xiling, Wujiagang and Dianjun urban districts as Xiaoting District is not urbanized yet. It drains one-fifth of the land area of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and its river basin is home to nearly one-third of the country's population. Shen Congwen romanized as Shen Ts'ung-wen, is considered to be one of the greatest modern Chinese writers, on par with Lu Xun.Regional culture and identity plays a much bigger role in his writing than that of other major early modern Chinese writers, he was known for combining the vernacular style with classical Chinese writing techniques. Among the most recent major flood events are those of 1870, 1931, 1954, 1998, and 2010. During the catastrophic Yangtze floods of 1998, which killed 4,000 and ruined 7 million homes, heavy rain triggered floods in upstream areas as well. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. At its completion in 1957, the bridge was the easternmost crossing of the Yangtze, and was often referred to as the "First Bridge of the Yangtze". However, the death toll and levee breach caused by the 1998 flood were much less than those by the 1954 flood. Partly as a result of this flood, the pressure to build new dams, the Gezhouba Dam and the Three Gorges Dam, in the upper reach of Yangtze river, gained considerable momentum. Construction on the dam and power station began in 2005 and the first generator was commissioned in 2013, the last in 2014. The region evolved into an important port on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, and the cities of Hanyang, Hankou and Wuchang were united into the city of Wuhan in 1926. It stands north of the Han and Yangtze Rivers where the Han flows into the Yangtze. In 1954, a series of deadly floods hit the Hubei province of central China. Great plans are afoot: A bridge will fly to span the north and south, Turning a deep chasm into a thoroughfare; Walls of stone will stand upstream to the westTo hold back Wushan's clouds and rain Till a smooth lake rises in the narrow gorgesThe mountain goddess if she is still there Will marvel at a world so changed.". From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. The Three Gorges Dam is located within its administrative area, in Yiling District. It originates at an elevation above 16,400 feet (5,000 metres) in the Plateau of Tibet and proceeds generally eastward along a winding course until it empties into its major delta system on the East China Sea. But, historically, the river is also considered as one of the violent and vicious rivers in the world. Each of these floods followed El Niño events that influence the Asian monsoon and that are directly linked to rainfall in the Changjiang (Yangtze River) basin. The Gezhouba Dam or Gezhouba Water Control Project on the Yangtze River is located in the western suburbs of Yichang City in central China's Hubei province. 4). The Wuhan Yangtze Great Bridge, commonly known as Wuhan First Yangtze Bridge, is a double-deck road and rail bridge across the Yangtze River in Wuhan, in Central China. Yangtze river flood (1954) The Yangtze River is the largest river in Asia and the third largest in the World, and also accounted for nearly 20% of China’s GDP. On September 6, 1911, the Yangtze River flood was one of the deadliest disasters China has ever experienced. Title: THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Subject: THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Keywords: NO CHANGE GLASS. Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. The dam proved effective during the extraordinarily rainy summer of 2010 by holding back much of the resultant floodwaters and … Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Yangtze Flood Seen From Air. Floods of note include those of 1931, 1954, and 1998. Compared to the 1998 Yangtze River Floods, this flooding was more severe in terms of total flow of water, but less in terms of the highest level that the flood water reached. 2. The monument was originally located at Big Temple Hill in Xintan. Because it was located within a flooding area related to the Three Gorges Dam Project and considered an important historical landmark for Three Gorges shipping history, the monument was moved to higher ground and restored between June 28, 2002 and January 18, 2003. The dam has a total installed electrical capacity of 2,715 MW. The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. The Yangtze River has been responsible for some of China's worst natural disasters. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) [BU XIANG] on Amazon.com. Updates? This is probably a result of the intense logging on the banks of the upper reach of Yangtze River during the later part of the 20th century. Increases in the region’s population led to efforts to control the river. Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. The floods large enough to overflow the dikes have caused great distress to those who live and farm there. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Below, is his poem "Swimming" [3] (1956), envisioning future bridge and dam construction on the Yangtze: [4], Sails move with the wind. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/Yangtze-River-floods. It is the second largest city in the province after the capital, Wuhan. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Inscription on the triumph of the people of Wuhan over the flood". The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Dongting Lake. Yichang is a prefecture-level city located in western Hubei province, China. In addition, many of the lakes that had once acted as flood control either were cut off from the river by levees or were converted into cropland. 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