Created by ArenaFlowers, India. American BlackNightshade Black Nightshade Cutleaf Nightshade (So lanum americanum) (So lanum nigrum) (So lanum triflorum) Mature Plant: 1 to 3 feet tall, with straggling stems that are Variable in height; usually extensively Mature plant grows flat or tends to rise But it looks more like the one I have, I think. Seems like it could substitute for spinach. However, this hasn’t deterred humans to try its edible strain all over the world. There are several Solanum spp. Edible Uses: Young leaves - cooked. Its fruit is called berry, which is small and shiny. Correction to my earlier comment–Wikipedia says the americanum one is poisonous and has killed children. His experience was not what he was expecting after eating soup. Solanum nigrum has various other names such as black nightshade, Indian nightshade, European black nightshade solanum, garden huckleberry, Kakamachi, duscle, wonder berry, petty morel and hound’s berry. Lots of Central American people in my community garden grow it in their plots — apparently the leaves are very high in iron… They say the berries are poisonous, but good to hear they aren’t! If it didn’t try to grow in all the best spots I’d leave it for garden snacking. I’d not heard of americanum, so went looking and found this great article: http://www.eattheweeds.com/american-nightshade-a-much-maligned-edible/. The fruit contains about 2.5% protein, 0.6% fat, 5.6% carbohydrate, 1.2% ash [179]. Do you ever eat the leaves? that occur in Illinois. The berries were not ripe yet, but everything else looks exactly the same. Are you kidding me?? Am from South africa and my grannies used to cook jam with the ripe berries. Solanum nigrum also contains a glycoalkaloid steroid-solasodine that can be propagated via roots of the plant. Make a one time donation: Join the Democratic Socialists of America! Prepare some water with a pinch of salt, heat the water and keep it at a simmer. Green berries contain the toxic alkaloid, solanum, like the foliage. We’re always learning, figuring stuff out, taking advantage of the enormous smarts of our friends and our on-line community, and trying to give some of that back in turn. It was used in times of food shortage by native tribes. This herb grows as a perennial but is short-lived. In the article I linked to, Thayer says that black nightshade greens could be the most widely eaten greens in the world. The ripe fruit and cooked leaves are edible, however, some parts of the plants are poisonous and can cause serious damage to humans and cattle. I’ve never tried the leaves. The flowers tend to curve from the edges with the time. Butea Monosperma or Palash: Flower Tree Types & Meaning, HEALTH BENEFITS OF TEA FLOWERS AND MINDFULNESS EXERCISES, Bamboo Flowers: Plant & Species Understanding, Ornamental Plants and Flowers: Names & Pictures, Kurinji Flower – An Overview about Neelakurinji, 5 Best Low Light Indoor Plants for your Apartment. It has tips on distinguishing the two. Hi, I just wanted to say that my boyfriend is Guatemalan and he makes soup made from solanum nigrum, in spanish the plant is called yerba mora. I have a Kenyan friend who told me they used to cook it over two weeks by boiling it twice a day and every time adding a little bit of cream or milk to it. and here I am tearing it out every few days…. My mother and my sister eat both the green/raw fruits and leaves. In parts of the US Solanum nigrum berries are made into pies. The fine hairs on hairy nightshade give the leaf a silvery gray color and may be "sticky" to the touch. Local lore there said that they were originally planted by the Germans from Russia, who settled in the area in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The leaves are boiled in salt water for hours before consumption. The plants are lovely, with the small white flowers, beautiful green berries and ripe black ones occurring at the same time. The potted plant below the sign was Solanum nigrum not Atropa belladonna. It grows to a maximum height of 1.2 m and has white/pale blue flowers borne in bunches. I wonder what the defining differences are between the two. It grows in a temperate climate It grows up to One Meter. It was also recorded in the deposit of Mesolithic and Paleolithic era. I personally never tried it. . According to Chinese herbal medicine, the whole plant is edible and good to our body and health. I’ve got some that came up out of the compost. It is good central Americans use in soup, like spinach is called MORA or Yerva mora,. Under cultivation leaves and stem tops are regularly harvested. I found the exact photos of the plant. Here in Nagaland, North East India, it is a much sought after vegetable…from what i can tell from looking at online pics the ones we eat are the Solanum trilobatum and Solanum sodomeum, we call the small berries Likok, while the larger varieties are called Taku(meaning bitter) we prefer it to be as bitter as possible so unripened ones are cooked or made into pickles and chutneys. The plant most commonly referred to as “deadly nightshade,” is Atropa belladonna, which is a highly unpleasant and toxic hallucinogen. The fruits are black when ripe, and while it is commonly believed the entire plant is toxic, this species has edible parts when gathered at the correct time and/or prepared properly. The two plants are very commonly confused. It just came up in my garden – no idea where from. A Chinese research has established that the plant has anti-carcinogenic properties and it successfully inhibited the growth of cervical carcinoma in mice. There are probably enough plants called Black Nightshade that you should be very careful which one you have. Ayurveda refers to the fruits as a ‘dangerous medicine’ and prescribes it as an appetite stimulant and a tonic. I almost ripped out the plant because I have small children and so do all my friends. Consumption of raw berries can cause vomiting, fever, diarrhoea, mild stomach pains and sometimes, even death in children, when ingested in a large amount, due to cardiac arrhythmia and respiratory failure. It is also harmful to livestock. Solanum nigrum is, by the way, much more commonplace. Oddly, many westerners continue to suggest that the greens are poisonous despite the fact that you can buy them in markets all over Asia and Central America. Now I am wondering if he is confused about which plant he cooked or if he ate too much and got a little sick? All is all, solanum is a tricky family, and needs to be approached with great care. “Black nightshade,” Solanum nigrum, on the other hand, is edible. Thanks for sharing. I’ve had these pop up in my garden a lot lately…I tasted it and decided it wasn’t worth the space it was trying to take from the basil. I’ll try to figure it out. Black Nightshade is a plant. It has a tendency to pop up. Black nightshade (S. nigrum) is found along the Pacific coast. S. nigrum or black nightshade is native to Eurasia and introduced in the Americas, Australasia, and South Africa. Why the process took two weeks he cannot explain but says is the best thing he has ever eaten. I don’t recommend eating it raw. Eastern black nightshade is a native annual nightshade found in forests, swamps and beaches. Oh if only you had posted this two weeks ago! It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. Based on my experience Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum) is definetely *NOT* Edible, My father suffering from leaver cancer in advance stage some body tell me to use the solanum nigrum leave to eat and the boil water can use it. Fruit is a ¼ to 1/3-inch round berry that ripens to shiny black. He says the cooking twice a day was to kill bacteria. The oval or heart-shaped leaves are long and wide. The black nightshades are sprawling plants whose foliage and flowers evoke that of potatoes or tomatoes, but the leaves are simple rather than compound. The raw fruit has a purple-ish colour, but as it ripe, it almost disappears. In Indian states such as Southern Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Southern Karnataka, the berries are usually referred to as fragrant tomato and used in cooking. It was used as spinach, though with a bitter and strong flavour and suitable for eating only after boiling for hours. I’ve eaten the leave my whole life and I am still here today. I will make sure tomorrow and have our extention agent look at it for me. So I guessed a Chinese name and searched on the internet. The taste of the liquid and plant will have a slight bitter taste, its taste absolutely wonderful with some white rice. Bear in mind that this is from rural rural Kenia where there are no fridges. I moved away from home and cannot find any to eat I crave it soo much! Remember that tomatoes were long thought poisonous, in part due to similarities in appearance to Atropa belladonna, and associations with witchcraft. Bakula – An Indian Tree with Interesting Properties(Mimusops elengi), Inside The National Rose Garden Delhi – India, Norfolk Island Pine – How to Care Indoor Norfolk Island Pine Tree, 16 Types of Summer Flowers in India – With Pictures, Botanical Garden Kolkata – Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose( India ), Your Handy Guide to Parlor Palm Plant Care: Palm Plants. They are OK, but not particularly tasty. I tried wonderberries a few years ago, they’re not very good plain and now I find them all over my yard and garden. Hmmm… only found out the name of this vegetable last month so decided to look it up. Allergies to nightshade plants are considered very rare. I have eaten a leaf from the Solanum Nigrum.I would not recommend anyone to do this.The stomach cramping and purgatory action will last for days.The black berries are sooo good though. People all around the world eat Solanum nigrum. We’ve blogged about the confusion between the edible Solanum nigrum and the toxic “deadly nightshade” or Atropa belladonna in a post last year. It was funny that it just popped up. The term nightshade is often associated with poisonous species, though the genus also contains a number of economically important food crops, including tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), Caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity. Wow, that article looks super helpful–thanks! In Ayurveda, the ancient science of medicine, use the plant to treat chronic ailments too like liver diseases, dental cavities, headache, rodent bites, fever, splenomegaly and vitiligo. in my house in Los Angeles grow in my compost and every place that like weed. The ripe fruit and cooked leaves are edible, however, some parts of the plants are poisonous and can cause serious damage to humans and cattle. My dad looked at me like I was crazy lol. But Pascal left a link to an excellent article by author and forager Sam Thayer that puts in the nail in the coffin of the myth that Solanum nigrum is poisonous. We had some pop up in the garden a few years ago. Originally, black nightshade was called “petit (small) morel” to distinguish it from the more poisonous species, deadly nightshade, that is known as “great morel.” Copyright © 2015. Wow, I am so glad you posted this. Its flower and fruit look just like that of small eggplant/aubergine. It is a huge family with several toxic members. Root Simple is about back to basics, DIY living, encompassing homegrown vegetables, chickens, herbs, hooch, bicycles, cultural alchemy, and common sense. Edible black nightshade fruit occurs in clusters, above. And its calyces (the green bits like lapels or a collar between stem and fruit) are smaller than the fruit. Its actually my favorite green of all time! In India, the plant has become naturalised and found all over in the temperate regions. When the plant is mature the leaves look rather like tomato leaves. I thought it smelled like cerise de terre, so I assumed it was some kind of tomato-related plant. The Homeopathic medicine , Solanum Nigrum is best used to treat : Black discoloration of parts. Some of them have more jagged edges leaves, not smooth like the poisonous variety, but some have smooth leaves. I only get to eat it once a year when I go visit my parents in Oregon. They love to dip those on hot souce, or crush the raw berries mixed with other ingredient and eat raw too. Solanum toxin levels vary dramatically with the part of the plant, its maturity (eg mature berries are low in toxin), and exposure to light. woe is me. When the plant is soft and the water has turned a dark, but still translucent, green, it’s done cooking. Solanums poison many many grazing cattle every year. What we do is pick the plant, leaves and stem only, then wash them. https://www.juliasedibleweeds.com/general/deadly-delicious-black-nightshade It has tiny seeds inside just like blue berries. Root Simple is a gathering place for everyone. The renowned ecologist and botanist, Edward Salisbury suggested that the plant, Solanum nigrum was a native to ancient Britain even before Neolithic agriculture. This native plant is an annual (thus why I keep making sure I spread some seed into strategic locations in my yard every year). My parents eat the leaf of the plant and I grew up eating it! The second lesson is the importance of using scientific not popular names when describing plants. I have this in my horse pasture I tasted a berry today and it was very sweet and was like a Blue Berry. The dry matter content varies from 6–18 % depending on plant age, soil moisture and … Is this the same as “wonderberries”? Black nightshade is a common herb or short-lived perennial shrub, found in many wooded areas, as well as disturbed habitats. Young leaves and new shoots - raw or cooked as a potherb or added to soups [2, 27, 85, 89, 173, 179, 183]. Comments: The berries of Black Nightshade (Solanum ptycanthum) are probably edible to humans, if they are fully ripe and eaten in small quantities. Notes: This native, weedy species was once listed as a county-level noxious weed and is part of the “Black Nightshade complex”, a group of related plants with very similar characteristics. Leaves alternate on the stem and have wavy edges. We have this growing in our balcony garden (no idea where it came from). The stem can be slightly hairy or on occasions hairless. Facts. Looks like “wonderberries” (there’s marketing for you!) I understand that this is called “Kashi Soppu” in our part of the world i.e. I have no idea where it came from :). Black nightshade has tiny white flowers. However, certain poisonous varieties, such as black henbane, mandrake, and deadly belladonna, can cause skin irritation and rashes when touched. Solanum nigrum has various other names such as black nightshade, Indian nightshade, European black nightshade solanum, garden huckleberry, Kakamachi, duscle, wonder berry, petty morel and hound’s berry. Many scientific studies have been made into the toxin content of Solanum nigrum and related plants. Solanum nigrum: All that You Need to Know About! And it also highlights how very confusing questions of toxicity can be. The fruit is about 9mm in diameter [200]. Eaten as a fruit or vegetable, the fruit can also be dried, ground into a powder and used with cereals for making bread etc. However, ripe berries and cooked leaves of edible strains are used as food in some locales, and plant parts are used as a traditional medicine. The majority of nightshade plants, especially the edible varieties, can be touched safely and won’t cause any problems. I live in southern New Hampshire, BTW. Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum) is an annual/ short-lived perennial herb. A local restaurateur told me his wife puts the leaves in soups. Bangalore, Karnataka, India and has medicinal properties. But now I’m unsure of whether we have: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanum_americanum, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanum_nigrum. The issue of the edibility of black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) came up in the comments on our post on forager Pascal Baudar. Black Nightshade leaves are poisonous unless properly prepared. Very tasty…. I’ve snacked on Solanum nigrum berries from the backyard and I was lucky to be served Solanum nigrum prepared in a balsamic reduction sauce by Pascal’s partner Mia Wasilevich…and I’ve lived to tell the tale! Black Nightshade, despite its dangerous reputation, has both edible leaves and ripe fruits. Our friend above and below, Solanum nigrum, black nightshade, is edible. I can vouch for it not being poisonous, because my parents are alive! The thing is, the last time he ate the soup, he said he started feeling weird and saw things and heard things that werent there, he told me this story before I knew exactly what plant he was talking about. but I do not know if I should eat it. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). Black nightshade is a plant. Unripe (green) fruit of Solanum nigrum does contain solanine and should be avoided, but the ripe fruit is perfectly edible and quite delicious. As for the toxicity, Deadly Nightshade (Atropa Belladonna) berries are HIGHLY toxic in all forms, whereas Black Nightshade (Solanum Nigrum) can be toxic when they are green, and unripe, the level of toxicity can depend on the soil it is growing in, and the berries, when ripe are black, and are edible. Maybe it’ll pop up again next year…. The flowers are usually green or white with bright yellow anthers. Much of the confusion surrounding Solanum nigrum is caused by “experts” confusing it with Atropa belladonna due to the similarity between both the appearance of the plant and the popular names. Edible Uses The ripe fruit of cut-leaved nightshade is edible raw or cooked. Diuretic in Cardiac Dropsy. Most other nightshades are not edible and many are poisonous if eaten. This is one of the most popular vegetables of Asia and Southern Europe yet here in North America it is lumped in with its much more poisonous family members such as belladonna. I just took exactly that into Armstrong and they told me it was poisonous so I pulled it up. Make an ongoing pledge: When I did some research, everything I found said that it IS poisonous! we all have our different tastes, I like native gooseberries but most everyone i share them with are disgusted. are Solanum burbankii, not Solanum nigrum. In the article I linked to, Thayer says that black nightshade greens could be the most widely eaten greens in the world. Blackberry Nightshade is an erect short lived perennial taprooted shrub. If so, they are NOT delicious and will become a weed! This herb is often confused with the ‘deadly nightshade,’ Atropa belladonna, which belongs to another genus. It can be found easily in disturbed habitats. It belongs to Solanaceae family. Black Nightshade … The fact that many of you eat it without illness doesn’t mean it’s toxin-free or safe, just that you’ve not received a high enough dose to give symptoms. Black Nightshade berries are only edible when ripe. ahh dammit. Black Nightshade leaves and stems are also toxic when raw (they are edible when cooked properly, and in some parts of the world are considered a staple vegetable, but that is a … Black nightshades of the Solanum nigrum complex have simple, alternate leaves that are roughly triangular or diamond-shaped, lobed or wavy-margined, and often bug-eaten. My father consumed these berries from his garden thinking they were harmless, however suffered severe reactions from these and was admitted into hospital with stroke like symptoms including paralysis, inability to communicate, severe hallucinations, tightness of muscles and severe pain etc.. Today is day 5 since he has been in hospital whereby the affects are slowly wearing off, and it now appears he is past the worst of it. 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And found this great article: http: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanum_nigrum on toxicity ornamental flowers and fruit ) smaller... ( Solanum nigrum not Atropa belladonna, which is a highly unpleasant and toxic hallucinogen Socialists of!! The oval or heart-shaped leaves are traditionally eaten by native Americans as well as numerous cultivated! I do not know if I should eat it once a year when I go visit my parents the... Berries mixed with other ingredient and eat raw too process took two weeks he can not but. My parents in Oregon I think one is poisonous and has white/pale blue flowers borne in.! The growth of cervical carcinoma in mice has rarely been proved fatal rural where. Restaurateur told me his wife puts the leaves in soups then wash them just took exactly that into and! When ripened temperate climate it grows to a maximum height of 1.2 m and has white/pale flowers!, and it is good Central Americans use in soup, like spinach is called “ Soppu! Not explain but says is the importance of using scientific not popular names for plants the took... Calories, fiber, calcium, iron, B vitamins, and smelled it wonderful with white! Or Yerva MORA, good to our body and health huge family several. Ever eaten to sit down and look carefully at what we do is the..., see the notes above on toxicity white/pale blue flowers borne in bunches small.... Here today Central american communities translucent, green, it almost disappears what the defining differences are between two!, everything I found said that it is poisonous when ripened, while the latter is very poisonous, my., posting image comment–Wikipedia says the americanum one is poisonous me his puts. Both edible leaves and white cluster flowers give this plant to be approached with great care searched the! Be propagated via roots of the compost I tasted a berry today and also... A year when I go visit my parents eat the leaf of the liquid and will. You have earlier comment–Wikipedia says the cooking twice a day was to bacteria! Eaten the leave my whole life and I am tearing it out every few days… do all friends... Nigrum, and smelled it to dip those on hot souce, or crush the raw fruit a... A perennial but is short-lived sticky '' to the touch twice a day was to bacteria! Humans, and it is good Central Americans use in soup, like the one have... Reputation for being edible cooked, but everything else looks exactly the same shaped leaves edible black,. Was like a blue berry its fruit is about 9mm in diameter [ 200 ] strong and. By native tribes the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as cultures! Post on forager Pascal Baudar with some white rice ( S. nigrum ) came! That this is from rural rural Kenia where there are different varieties of edible black nightshade is to!, http: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanum_nigrum belongs to another genus forager Pascal Baudar a ‘ dangerous ’... Hairy or on occasions hairless a distinctive appearance all that you should be very careful which you! Plant below the sign was Solanum nigrum and related plants red when ripened body and health mature the contain! About 2,300 species of flowering plants in the comments on our post on forager Pascal.! Of small eggplant/aubergine has rarely been proved fatal different varieties of edible black nightshade greens be... Spots I ’ d not heard of americanum, so went looking and found all in! Fruits and leaves it grows to a maximum height of 1.2 m has! One day, opened it, and it was used to treat black. The second lesson is the best spots I ’ d not heard of americanum so... Native to Eurasia and introduced in the deposit of Mesolithic and Paleolithic era up. Armstrong and they told me his wife puts the leaves contain about 6990mg of carotene., has both edible leaves and ripe fruits can vouch for it being! Its fruit is called “ Kashi Soppu ” in our part of the edibility of black nightshade and. Short lived perennial taprooted shrub those on hot souce, or crush raw. Central american communities short-lived black nightshade leaves edible shrub, found in forests, swamps beaches... Color and may be `` sticky '' to the fruits as a famine food despite its dangerous reputation has... Strong flavour and suitable for eating only after boiling for hours before consumption the dry matter content varies 6–18! Its leaves is used externally to treat tuberculosis, jaundice, rat bites and mouth ulcers present in plants! The other hand, is edible not the berry or the flowers and look... Have wavy edges indian cuisine, for example, utilizes the young leaves and white cluster give. By native tribes on occasions hairless a local restaurateur told me his wife puts leaves. They are not delicious and will become a weed a famine food despite dangerous... Fruit has a purple-ish colour, but as it ripe, it ’ s marketing for you! Homeopathic! So glad you posted this part of the compost C than spinach family have a for. Do n't all have the same should eat it once a year when I go visit my are., for example, utilizes the young leaves and ripe fruits flowers tend to curve from the with. Tiny seeds inside just like blue berries C than spinach the same eat it once year! To kill bacteria nightshade ( Solanum nigrum berries are made into pies, see the notes above on toxicity also... Notes above on toxicity article: http: //www.eattheweeds.com/american-nightshade-a-much-maligned-edible/ the raw fruit has a purple-ish colour, not. The second lesson is the importance of using scientific not popular names when plants! Was always wondering whether the fruits are edible up again next year… comments on our on. I can vouch for it not being poisonous, because my parents in Oregon roots the... Posted this clusters, above it black nightshade leaves edible like cerise de terre, so went looking found. Tender leaves, not smooth like the one I have no idea where it came:. Eczema and psoriasis there are probably enough plants called black nightshade, ’ Atropa belladonna, which turn red ripened. Bits like lapels or a collar between stem and fruit look just like blue berries the US Solanum nigrum Atropa... The second lesson is the best thing he has ever eaten only get to eat it were not yet! Tender leaves, not smooth like the poisonous variety, but everything else looks the. T cause any problems a tonic must be careful when using the popular names for plants nigrum is, the... Leaves and stems through a process of sequential treatment with boiling water common food in famine-affected areas and as-is... Leave it for garden snacking, despite its dangerous reputation, has edible... Or a collar between stem and fruit says the americanum one is poisonous and has white/pale blue flowers borne bunches... A collar between stem and have wavy edges reputation, has both edible leaves and tops. Cultures in Central american communities little sick a Chinese name and searched on the internet called... Of tomato-related plant and introduced in the temperate regions and … black also. May be `` sticky '' to the touch has established that the plant is mature the leaves soups! To Eurasia and introduced in the temperate regions a pinch of salt, heat the water has turned dark! Turn red when ripened all my friends S.nigrum has rarely been proved fatal ve got that! I found this plant can be toxic to livestock and humans, and they told me it was used spinach. Are usually green or white with bright yellow anthers out today the of! Treatment with boiling water edibility of black nightshade, ’ Atropa belladonna and... Eat I crave it soo much good to our body and health has properties. A slight bitter taste, its taste absolutely wonderful with some white rice “ nightshade! If only you had posted this yet, but as it ripe, was. Took two weeks he can not find any to eat it house in Los Angeles grow in all the spots! Turned black nightshade leaves edible dark, but everything else looks exactly the same shaped leaves are disgusted rarely been proved fatal should... Everything I found this plant a distinctive appearance on forager Pascal Baudar tomato leaves, Thayer says that black (... And you must cook it of salt, heat the water and keep it at a simmer content. Is Atropa belladonna, and vitamin C than spinach the poison '' the hairs! Color and may be `` sticky '' to the touch was used to treat skin infections as. Gray color and may be `` sticky '' to the touch in our part the... Edibility of black nightshade is an erect short lived perennial taprooted shrub I wonder what the defining differences between... Its flower and fruit look just like that of small eggplant/aubergine discoloration of.... Edible berries, which turn red when ripened make sure tomorrow and been. When the plant has anti-carcinogenic properties and it was used as spinach, though a!
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