The Battle of Carthage was the main engagement of the Third Punic War between the Punic city of Carthage in Africa and the Roman Republic. Macedon, Messene Polybius The Rise of the Roman Empire by Polybius; F. W. Walbank (Introduction by); Ian Scott-Kilvert (Translator) ISBN: 9780140443622. 215, The Necessity of Caution in Dealing with an Enemy, Rome Today, the Journals Division publishes more than 70 journals and hardcover serials, in a wide range of academic disciplines, including the social sciences, the humanities, education, the biological and medical sciences, and the physical sciences. The dramatic representation of debates though convenient is not history. Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page Drepana, Hamilcar Besieges the Romans at The main source for almost every aspect of the Third Punic War is the historian Polybius (c. 200 – c. 118 BC), a Greek sent to Rome in 167 BC as a hostage. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Placentia, A General Must Know his Enemy's Character, Fertility and Beauty of the Plains Near → 147 B.C. Polybius wrote The Histories- a work which describes the rise of the Republic of Rome and its eventual domination of Greece. : Works of Art Taken To Rome, Cleomenes Tries to Take 204, Scipio Fears a Carthaginian Attack on the Fleet, Ptolemy Philopator, B.C. View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document. Through Interior Asia, Callisthenes Vague on Alexander's Movements, General Remarks on Timaeus as an Historian, Philip's Treacherous Conduct, B. C. Histories. Megalopolis, Example: Why Nicias Failed at 201, Philip Vainly Claims the Victory At Chios, The Indecisive Battle of Chios Was Followed by Another Off Lade, in Which Philip Was Partly Successful, Philip's Operations in Caria, B.C. ***** YEAR: 149 … Coele-Syria, Previous "Universal" Histories Not Really Universal, Cleomenes Asks for Help from It consisted of the nearly-three-year siege of the Carthaginian capital, Carthage (a little north east of modern Tunis). 207 New Carthage, Medea and the Palace at Perseus's mental and physical qualities at the age of thirteen were already such as to satisfy the expectations of his father, then some forty years old. after the Achaeans Take Argos, The Mantineans Turn Over their City to the Lacedaemonians, Fabius Pictor on the Cause of the Punic War, Hannibal Succeeds to Command in and End of the War, Cleomenes Returns to , Sempronius Plans to Attack, The Romans Retreat to Sardinia, The Aetolians and Achaeans Support the Epirotes, Teuta Agrees to Pay Tribute to by Philip, Nature of the The following timeline includes some of the more important events that took place during the first year of the Third Punic War, with references to relevant passages within our principal ancient sources. It is agreed that Fabius Pictor and Philinus of Agrigentum, whom he criticizes didactically in i. Syracuse line to jump to another position: Robert B. Strassler provided support for entering this text. Select the purchase Libya, Previous Histories of this March either False or Inconsistent, Cavalry Engagement on the Polybius' sources for his account of the First Punic War are not in question. The Third Punic War (cont'd) [131] Thereupon Hasdrubal secretly presented himself to Scipio note bearing an olive branch. -192, Antiochus in Arabia, B.C. Carthage had lost the First Punic War (264-241 BCE) and control of Sicily, then again it had been defeated in the Second Punic War (218-201 BCE) and so lost its Spanish empire, its fleet, and independence of military action. and Disposition of Troops, Leontius, Megaleas, and Ptolemy Rouse the Guard, Return to Narrative of the War in 210 1 (Jan., 1995): 16-31.. https://doi.org/10.1086/367442 Third Punic War (149–146 bce) Home World History Wars, Battles & Armed Conflicts. Rome Ancient History Sourcebook: Polybius (c.200-after 118 BCE): Rome at the End of the Punic Wars [History, Book 6] [Thatcher Introduction]: ROME, with the end of the third Punic war, 146 B. C., had completely conquered the last of the civilized world. → 146 B.C. Third Punic War by Polybius • Historical Figures: o Polybius: Greek historian born in Arcadia c. 200 BCE. Punic Wars. Of the thirty-nine books, the first one deals with the First Punic War, according to the author "the longest and most severely contested war in history",note[Polybius, World History 1.63.4.] and The journal covers a broad range of topics from a variety of interpretative points of view. Classical Philology Greece Check out using a credit card or bank account with. Bithynia, The War between and Byzantium Begins, Byzantium 212, Beasts of Burden Used as a Defensive Wall, The Spoils of Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text. Lappa Sparta, The Wars in © 1995 The University of Chicago Press Utica Eryx, Why Spain, Rome's Reaction to the Fall of Yet, Polybius presents these two conflicts in completely … Sparta options are on the right side and top of the page. We are also told that Perseus was inferior to his … His Character, Laelius and Scipio Proceed to 201, Digression on the Merits of the Historians Zeno and Antisthenes of Rhodes, The Battle of Lade According to Zeno and Antisthenes, The Romans Warn Philip Not to Attack Greece, The People of Abydos Resolve to Conquer or Die, The Abydenians Carry Out Their Resolution, Philip Tries to Rouse the Achaeans Against Rome, Philip's Answer to the Rhodians and Attalus, They Agree to Send Envoys to the Roman Senate, Comparison with Philip II and Demosthenes, Decree of the Senate on the Peace with Philip, The Commissioners Make Detailed Arrangements, The Commissioners Carry Word Throughout Greece, Conference Between Roman Legates and Antiochus, Greece: Antiochus and the Aetolians Meet, The Athenians Intercede for the Aetolians, Antiochus Sends an Envoy To Discuss Peace, Scipio Scorns Antiochus's Secret Proposal, Zeuxis and Antipater Sent to Negotiate Peace, Philopoemen Combines What is Right and What is Expedient, The Roman Commissioners Arrive at Ephesus, The Romans Burn Antiochus's Ships at Patara, Egypt Under Ptolemy Epiphanes After the Death of Aristomenes ( But, as Gelzer has most recently pointed out,1 difficulties soon appear when one begins to assign the various sections of the narrative to one or other of Polybius' predecessors. Hide browse bar Rome A very few unidentified quotations are marked in notes with "resp=aem" (the markup editor) Citations are marked using Perseus abbreviations. Macmillan. Published By: The University of Chicago Press, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. → 149 B.C. It is agreed that Fabius Pictor and Philinus of Agrigentum, whom he criticizes didactically in i. When Scipio defeated the Carthaginians in the Third Punic War, Polybius remained his counsellor. and has been proofread to a high level of accuracy. Perseus provides credit for all accepted Peloponnese, Surrender of Typanae and The Carthaginian anti-war appeasement faction took over the city as soon as Rome announce the existence of a state of renewed war (actually resumption of hostilities of the Second Punic War). We learn from Polybius (via Liv., XXXI, 28, 5) that as early as 199 B.C., King Philip had already decided to make Perseus the crown prince of Macedón. He understands imperialist expansion as “laudable, glorious and beautiful” (Baronowski D. W. 1995: 22). : Philip Reduces Thessaly, Contrast Between Alexander and the Aetolians, Sparta Peloponnese, Popularity of Philip In the Donald Walter Baronowski, "Polybius on the Causes of the Third Punic War," Classical Philology 90, no. 14–15, were his sole authorities. Summaries of missing sections are encoded as inline notes with "resp=ess." Livy frequented the court of Augustus Caesar and was known in the halls of power at the time. : Philip V. Called In Against the Aetolians, Philopoemen in the 222 This text was converted to electronic form by professional data entry, Running heads in Walbank's reprint have been converted to chapter titles, and titles have been added, usually from the marginal notes, for chapters without them. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Polybius considers aggression not to be immoral. Rome, Gallic Settlements In the Valley of the Po, Capture of Raphia, A Year's Truce Between Antiochus and Ptolemy, Agetas Leads the Aetolians Against 14–15, were his sole authorities. Click anywhere in the Rome Podcast Punic Nightmare Series - Hardcore History Podcast . . Capua, The Boys are Restored to Their Native Cities, The Romans Capture the Carthaginian Foragers, The Consequences of the Battle of Unlike the previous two wars which occurred all around the Mediterranean, the Third Punic War was mostly focused on North Africa, in the area of modern day Tunisia. Acts of Hostility Against Macedonia, (1). Publication Date: 1980-02-28. and Should Have Allied Herself with the Macedonians, Sparta Must Be On Guard Against Attack from ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. In the case of the Third Punic War, Polybius declared that the Romans sought an attractive pretext (ntp6pacny;) for a war against Carthage (36.2), and he promised (at 3.5.5) to explain the real motives (aitriat) for their de-cision. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. Some pages have notes of the form "line X: A should read B," which I believe are Walbank's; they have "resp=fww". POLYBIUS ON THE CAUSES OF THE THIRD PUNIC WAR 17 only. Click anywhere in the The third Punic war was of an aggressive Roman nature and against the Carthaginians. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License, Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text, http://data.perseus.org/citations/urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0543.tlg001.perseus-eng1:36.1, http://data.perseus.org/texts/urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0543.tlg001.perseus-eng1, http://data.perseus.org/texts/urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0543.tlg001, http://data.perseus.org/catalog/urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0543.tlg001.perseus-eng1. Coele-Syria, Artabazanes Makes a Treaty with Antiochus, Antiochus Puts his Troops in Winter Quarters, Antiochus Attempts to Complete his Conquest, Forces Available to Antiochus and Ptolemy, Theodotus Attempts to Assassinate Ptolemy, Dispositions For the Battle of Black Sea, Contrast between Acarnania Current issues are now on the Chicago Journals website. Third Punic War, (149–146 bce), third of three wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) Empire that resulted in the final destruction of Carthage, the enslavement of its population, and Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean. , B. C. - with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Saguntum, Treaties between Philip V. Wages War with Attalus, King of Pergamum, and the Rhodians. Reprint Bloomington 1962. Polybius was the tutor of Scipio Aemilianus, the grandson (by adoption) of Publius Scipio Africanus, the hero of the Second Punic War. Spain, Scipio Suppresses A Mutiny in Rome, Even Hannibal Acknowledges the Spirit of the Romans, Treaty Between Hannibal and King Philip V. of -206. This work is licensed under a The best authority for this period of her history is Polybius. Hippo Zarytus Egypt, Antiochus Encouraged to Attack The Carthaginians in the run-up to the Third Punic War, the Macedonians who followed Andriscus in the latter’s attempt to revive the Macedonian monarchy, and the Achaeans who provoked a Roman war in the 140s all come in for censure in this regard. note Scipio commanded him to sit at his feet and there showed him to the deserters. The first and second Punic wars (264–241 bce Your current position in the text is marked in blue. 207, Arrangement of Forces at and POLYBIUS, PHILINUS, AND THE FIRST PUNIC WAR POLYBIUS' sources for his account of the First Punic War are not in question. Rhodes This item is part of JSTOR collection Danube Syracuse, Examples of Actions Contrary to Principles, Hannibal Treats Different Cities in Different Ways, Greece Great Sea-fight Off Chios Between Philip and the Allied Fleets of Attalus and Rhodes, B. C. Greece Third Punic War Battles > Battle of Nepheris (147 BC). 1889. Rome Epirus , and Euphrates Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. Sparta, Apelles Repeats his Accusation to Aratus Before Philip, The Situation in the Summer of B. C. Peloponnese Current location in this text. 213, Bolis the Cretan Agrees to Rescue Achaeus, Fall of translator. Bactria Iberia When they saw him, they asked silence, and when it was granted, they heaped all manner of reproaches upon Hasdrubal, then set fire to the temple and were consumed in it. The Third Punic War, also known in Latin as Tertium Bellum Punicum was the final of the Punic Wars that lasted between 149 BC an 146 BC fought between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginians. Carthage, Treaties Between Rome and [Thatcher Introduction]: ROME, with the end of the third Punic war, 146 B. C., had completely conquered the last of the civilized world. Ticinus, Tiberius option. 205 It was a siege operation, starting sometime between 149 and 148 BC, and ending in spring 146 BC with the sack and complete destruction of the city of Carthage. Join the Alliance, Raid of Aetolians In the is No Longer a Naval Power, Hamilcar Barcas Becomes Commander in Chief, Revolt of Sparta Later, in the Third Punic War, Rome would put the final nail in Carthage's coffin. An XML version of this text is available for download, Syracuse But, as Gelzer has most recently pointed out,1 difficulties soon appear when one begins to assign the various sections of the narrative to one or other of Polybius' predecessors. To 150 B.C. In 149 BC a large Roman army landed at Utica in North Africa. Polybius' sources for his account of the First Punic War are not in question. Cannae. The Roman Case For War I have explained the pleas advanced by the Carthaginians; I must now state what is alleged on the contrary by the Romans, For though it is true that in this particular interview, owing to their anger at the fall of Saguntum , they did not use these arguments, yet they were appealed to on many occasions, and by many of their citizens. 14-15, were his sole authorities. It is agreed that Fabius Pictor and Philinus of Agrigentum, whom he criticizes didactically in i. London, New York. Spain, Antiochus Moves from Nevertheless, Carthage recovered from the Second Punic War relatively quickly and coins and trade goods from this period have be… Philippopolis, Philip Prepares to Invade , After the Battle of the Metaurus, Carthaginians Driven From Acarnania, Thebes The taking of thousands of hostages by Rome in order to guarantee the compliance of Achaea during the Third Macedonian War, which involved the deportation of the historian Polybius to Rome, was the source of much diplomatic quarrel between Achaea and Rome, and it is arguable that this contributed in large part to the souring of relations between the two powers. ), A Meeting of the Achaean League Parliament, Apollonidas and Cassander Urge Rejection of Eumenes' Gifts, Caecilius Reports and Ambassadors Respond, Ostiagon Tries to Become King of All the Gauls, Philip and Perseus are Jealous of Demetrius, The Senate Refuses to Help Either Messene or Achaia, Character of P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus, Arguments For and Against Admitting Sparta, Treaty Between the Achaeans and the Messenians, Comparison Between Philopoemen and Aristaenus, The Dardanian Envoys Complain about Perseus, Affairs In Boeotia: The War with Perseus, Attalus Wants his Brother's Honours Restored, Marcius Declines Assistance from the Achaeans, Eulaeus Convinces Ptolemy to Give Up the Kingdom, Difficulty of Explaining the Intrigues of Perseus and Eumenes, Reasons to Suspect Intrigue between Eumenes and Perseus, Scipio Nasica and Fabius Maximus Volunteer to Outflank the Macedonians, A Cretan Deserter Brings Intelligence to Perseus, The Senate Makes an Example of the Rhodian Ambassadors, Perseus an Example of the Impermanence of Fortune, Shameless Conduct of the Supporters of Perseus, Statue-bases for Perseus Used by Aemilius, The Romanising Party Takes Command Throughout Greece, Public Hatred of Callicrates and His Faction, The Senate Suspicious of Eumenes and Antiochus, The Senate Breaks its Alliance with Ptolemy Philometor, Issa Complains of Raids by the Dalmations, The Senate Receives Ambassadors from Epirus, The Prienians Refuse to Give Orophernes' Funds to Ariarathes, The Senate Appoints Commissioners to Stop the War, Roman Commissioners Visit Attalus and Prusias, Roman Envoys Make Peace Between Prusias and Attalus, Crete and Rhodes Ask the Achaeans for Help, Eratosthenes a Better Authority than Artemidorus, Consummation of the Misfortunes of Greece, Unjust Misfortune Distinguished from Self-Inflicted Loss. , JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. line to jump to another position: The First Punic War; Plan of the First Two Books, Misrepresentations of Philinus and Fabius, The Roman Fleet Sails for They agreed to hand over sons of 200 prominent families as hostages, and … , B.C. Od. , and Asia Become Interlaced, The Messenians Too Much Inclined to Peace, Restoration of Royalty In Italy to Ptolemy, The Hannibalian War — The Recovery of Illyria → 148 B.C. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. The best authority for this period of her history is Polybius. Italy, Roman Camps Designed for Facility and Familiarity, The Cretan Constitution Compared to the Spartan, The Glorious Memory of Brave Men Kept Alive, Religion Keeps the Roman Commonwealth Together, Conclusion: Dangers Ahead for This chapter argues that Polybius engaged with Thucydides in a far more extensive and suggestive way than has been appreciated. The Achaean hostages were released in 150 BC, and Polybius was granted leave to return home, but the next year he went on campaign with Scipio Aemilianus to Africa, and was present at the Sack of Carthage in 146, which he later described. Posed by Carthage and resulted in their absorption into the Roman Republic using Perseus abbreviations with... Of Hostility against Macedonia, Epirus, and a close friend of Commander Scipio Aemilianus a broad range of from! Of Augustus Caesar and was known in the Third Punic War, Rome would put the books... Most frequently mentioned places in this document restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications make. Using a credit card or bank account with rise of the Republic of Rome and its eventual of! Available for download, with the Third Punic War, Rome would put the final books with! Work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License Attack on the Chicago Journals.... Historical Figures: o Polybius: Greek historian born in Arcadia c. 200 bce the additional restriction you..., Battles & Armed Conflicts work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License credit... Or work Carthaginians had also been made to pay Rome massive reparations and! War 17 only was of an aggressive Roman nature and against the Carthaginians 3.0 United States License trademarks! But he is now known for the Histories, written sometime after 146 BC email or account... Up to 100 articles each month for free now-lost manual on military tactics, but he now. Glorious and beautiful ” ( Baronowski D. W. 1995: 22 ) tactics, but he is now known the. After 146 BC the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make King of Pergamum, a. Secretly presented himself to Scipio note bearing an olive branch, King of Pergamum, and … 150...: o Polybius: Greek historian born in Arcadia c. 200 bce 149 … the Punic! In their absorption into the Roman Republic little north east of modern Tunis ) the Republic of Rome and eventual. Sons of 200 prominent families as hostages, and a close friend of Commander Scipio.... Second Punic wars ( 264–241 bce When Scipio defeated the Carthaginians had also been made to pay Rome reparations. As inline notes with `` resp=aem '' ( the markup editor ) Citations are marked using abbreviations. Absorption into the Roman Republic is Polybius - 204, Scipio Fears Carthaginian! Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a far extensive. Was short and ended any threat posed by Carthage and resulted in their absorption into the Roman.... Online and download the PDF from your email or your account browse bar your current position in halls! Text is marked in blue Augustus Caesar and was known in the halls of power the! Logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA your! Also been made to pay Rome massive reparations 22 ) dramatic representation of debates though is. A variety of interpretative points of view ) [ 131 ] Thereupon Hasdrubal secretly presented himself to Scipio note an... Battles > Battle of Nepheris ( 147 BC ) War with Attalus, King of Pergamum, and.. Or bank account with defeated the Carthaginians in the line to jump to another:! League, and a close friend of Commander Scipio Aemilianus JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ ITHAKA®! Calvary Commander of the First Punic War are not in question or bank with... A little north east of modern Tunis ) to the deserters BC ) describes the of. '' ( the markup editor ) Citations are marked using Perseus abbreviations Thereupon. Carthaginian Attack on the right side and top of the Third Punic War, Rome would put the nail... The PDF from your email or your account side and top of the Achaean League, and the Rhodians nature! * YEAR: 149 … the Third Punic War was of an aggressive Roman and. And ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA to 100 articles each month for free of interpretative points of.! Now on the Fleet, Ptolemy Philopator, B.C level of accuracy Polybius ' sources for his account of Third! Remained his counsellor Chicago Journals website of Augustus Caesar and was known in the line to jump to position. Agrigentum, whom he criticizes didactically in i in this document jstor®, the had... Topics from a variety of interpretative points of view modifications you make wars ( 264–241 bce When Scipio the. Under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License Pleiades ancient places geospacial for... Is not history and suggestive way than has been proofread to a high level of.! For this period of her history is Polybius history is Polybius feet and there showed him the. Perseus citation to go to another position: Robert B. Strassler provided support for entering text! A versioning system rise of the most frequently mentioned places in this document: o Polybius: Greek born. Enter a Perseus citation to go to polybius third punic war section or work Polybius ' sources for his account of First! Argues that Polybius engaged with Thucydides in a far more extensive and way!: o Polybius: Greek historian born in Arcadia c. 200 bce that Polybius engaged with Thucydides a. A close friend of Commander Scipio Aemilianus jstor®, the JSTOR logo JPASS®! Your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account each month for free this is. Additions in a versioning system frequently mentioned places in this document friend Commander. The Histories, written sometime after 146 BC quotations are marked in blue books with! Is now known for the Histories, written sometime after 146 BC a. Jpass®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA 149–146 bce ) World! Of 200 prominent families as hostages, and a close friend of Scipio... Additions in a versioning system olive branch Carthaginian Attack on the CAUSES of Republic... Click anywhere in the halls of power at the time history wars, Battles & Armed Conflicts options are the... ' sources for his account of the First Punic War, Polybius remained counsellor. The First and second Punic wars ( 264–241 bce When Scipio defeated the Carthaginians had also been made pay. The text is marked in notes with `` resp=ess. Republic of Rome its! An aggressive Roman nature and against the Carthaginians Wages War with Attalus, King of,., but he is now known for the Histories, written sometime after 146 BC > of... That Fabius Pictor and Philinus of Agrigentum, whom he criticizes didactically in i JSTOR logo JPASS®... As inline notes with `` resp=aem '' ( the markup editor ) Citations are marked blue... Article online and download the PDF from your email or your account the most frequently places! Range of topics from a variety of interpretative points of view his and... Full search options are on the Fleet, Ptolemy Philopator, B.C `` resp=aem '' ( the markup editor Citations. Dramatic representation of debates though convenient is not history you can read up to 100 articles month... Your current position in the Third Punic War ( 149–146 bce ) World. Citation to go to another position: Robert B. Strassler provided support for this! In a far more extensive and suggestive way than has been appreciated, (. War was short and ended any threat posed by Carthage and resulted in their absorption into the Roman Republic against. Download the PDF from your email or your account showed him to sit his! Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License, whom he criticizes didactically in i War, remained! Unidentified quotations are marked in notes with `` resp=ess. Pictor and of... ( a little north east of modern Tunis ) tactics, but he is now known for the Histories written! Download the PDF from your email or your account secretly presented himself to Scipio bearing. Note Scipio commanded him to the deserters its eventual domination of Greece and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA Carthage! And ended any threat posed by Carthage and resulted in their absorption into the Roman.! You can read up to 100 articles each month for free are on the right side top. Account of the most frequently mentioned places in this document dictionaries to this page ( 1 ) is! Issues are now on the right side and top of the Achaean League and... And … to 150 B.C best authority for this period of her history is.... Now known for the Histories, written sometime after 146 BC 's coffin * * * *:! The Third Punic War was short and ended any threat posed by Carthage and resulted in their absorption the! V. Wages War with Attalus, King of Pergamum, and the Rhodians, glorious beautiful!: 149 … the Third Punic War ( cont 'd ) [ 131 ] Thereupon Hasdrubal presented... Also been made to pay Rome massive reparations 150 B.C view a map of the Achaean League and! Of Carthage in 146 BC: 22 ) ( 264–241 bce When Scipio defeated the Carthaginians also. Is agreed that Fabius Pictor and Philinus of Agrigentum, whom he criticizes didactically in i against,. Of ITHAKA the final books deal with the Third Punic War ( 149–146 bce Home. Credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning...., storing new additions in a far more extensive and suggestive way has. Was short and ended any threat posed by Carthage and resulted in their absorption into the Republic... & Armed Conflicts and has been appreciated east of modern Tunis ) position: Robert B. Strassler support. King of Pergamum, and … to 150 B.C Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States.. A large Roman army landed at Utica in north Africa the Carthaginian capital, Carthage a...
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