Similarly, here playing the barbat, a Persian variant of the oud, maestro Hossein Behrooznia shows how percussion and plucked string instruments can forge interwoven melodic structures that create hypnotic soundscapes: The roots of traditional Persian music go back to ancient pre-Islamic Persian civilisation, with archaeological evidence of arched harps (a harp in the shape of a bow with a sound box at the lower end), having been used in rituals in Iran as early as 3100BC. Reading, West Berkshire, Exploring the psychology of veganism vs. non-veganism: Implications for climate change and the human-animal Relationship The most popular percussion instrument in Persian music today is a goblet drum known as the Tonbak. Persian traditional music or Persian/Iranian classical music is the traditional and indigenous music of Iran and Persian-speaking countries, the science and art of music, the sound and performance of music (Sakata 1983). While today's classical music tradition in Iran bears the same names of some of the modes of that era it is impossible to know if they sound the same because there is no evidence of musical notation from the Sassanid period. (For those interested, Homayoun Shajarian, explains the technique in this video). Persian traditional music is Iran’s indigenous music, which is alternatively referred to as Iranian classical music. For 20 years since my boyhood, traditional Persian culture has anchored my identity, healed and replenished my wounded heart, matured my soul, and allowed me to avoid the sense of being without roots in which so many unfortunately find themselves today. The rhythmic structure of the music is based on the prosodic system that poetry uses (aruz), a cycle of short and long syllables. A performance forms a sort of suite. The programmes were exemplars of excellence in the sphere of music and refined examples of literary expression, making use of a repertoire of over 250 classical and modern Persian poets, setting literary and musical standards that are still looked up to with admiration in Iran today and referred to by scholars and musicians as an encyclopedia of Persian music and Persian poetry. During the nineteenth century-probably due to the increasing inability of Persian musicians to perform large-scale, improvised structure-what was remembered of the Persian tradition, a repertoire of some 300- 400 pieces known as the radif , was organized into twelve suites dastgah-ha (‘organization’). This precious thing that is handed down persists while political systems change. The kamancheh has been painted in Persian antique paintings. It is very appropriate and important that these programmes be preserved and passed on to future generations.". After the establishment of Iranian TV in 1958, he started playing tonbak accompanying Ostad Faramarz Payvar (composer and santoor player). Traditional Persian Music July 27, 2010. He had recorded his father's radif in 1962. (AP Photo/Fars News Agency, Ali Shaigan, File) The kamanche is a bowed spike fiddle. The Mongol invasion of Persia (from 1220), drastically changed the socio-political environment of the region. This is a thoroughly soulful music, akin not in form but in soulfulness with artists such as John Coltrane or Van Morrison. Apprentices and masters have a traditional relationship which has declined during the 20th century as music education moved to universities and conservatories. These messages are not simply of a national character, but universally human, albeit inflected by Iranian history and mentality. The ney has a range of two and a half octaves. 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