Seven (of the ten) warmest years in 151 years of recordkeeping have occurred in the ten years between 2001 and 2010, with this decade being the warmest on record for minimum temperatures.[64][65]. [66] The Bureau of Meteorology reported that 2009 was a warm year. Which Australian City has the best weather? Sharples, J.J. Mills, G.A., McRae, R.H.D., Weber, R.O. [80] Within the city and surrounds, rainfall varies, from around 700 mm (27.56 in) at Badgerys Creek[81] (in the west) to 1,400 mm (55.12 in) at Turramurra (the northeast) in the Northern Suburbs, which create an orographic rainfall. [105] Typically occurring in late winter and early spring, the winds would usually cause heavy snowfall and sleet in the mountains, but would provide clear and relatively warmer conditions on the lee side of the mountain range in the Sydney region. km. Heatwaves, which are regularly occurring in recent years, would usually lead to water restrictions and a high risk of bushfires, which sometimes bring a smoky haze to the city. On average, only 1 night in Liverpool and 17 nights in Richmond have lows going below 0 °C (32 °F). Cooma In some days, rain may come in drizzle form, though this is rare as most rain comes mostly from major storms. 16-degree temperature difference in Sydney suburbs on Friday: Why? By November, summery conditions begin, with temperatures normally ranging between 24 °C (75 °F) and as high as 30 °C (86 °F), albeit with relatively low humidity. . [67] 2010 was the equal fourth warmest year on record for Sydney, with an average maximum of 22.6 °C (72.7 °F), which was 0.6 °C (1.1 °F) above the historical annual average. ... classification of material present at the Site. NSW climate Like the Australian climate, the climate of NSW varies greatly among different regions and from year to year. Some days may be windy due to the dry westerlies and nights may be relatively cool, where temperatures plummet down to around 7 °C (45 °F) in some suburbs. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Cfa. Location. Newcastle's climate is classified as warm and temperate. lying at latitude 37degS, winds are rarely easterly and tend to be hot northerlies in summer, cold northerlies in winter, and cool south-westerlies following cold fronts and cool southerly afternoon seabreezes in summer. [9], In the west, Liverpool and Richmond have 4 and 38 nights, respectively, where temperatures dip below 2 °C (36 °F). Coffs Harbour has a significant amount of rainfall during the year. This ranks as the seventh highest annual average maximum temperature since records commenced in 1859. 2004 saw an average daily maximum temperature of 23.4 °C (74.1 °F), 2005 of 23.4 °C (74.1 °F), 2002 of 22.9 °C (73.2 °F), and 2003 of 22.7 °C (72.9 °F). The average annual temperature in Coffs Harbour is 18.8 °C | 65.9 °F. These conditions are rare in September, but not unheard of. The north-east of the state is dominated by summer rainfall, with relatively dry winters. Wagga Wagga There is also an extended table with more statistics available. ‘Heat dome’ surrounding Australian CBDs leave suburbs to scorch, Tiny sensors and giant temperature map could help cool Western Sydney, New data shows Sydney suburbs reached temperatures over 50C last summer, The Sydney suburbs that hit 50C last summer, Sydney’s New Suburbs Are Too Hot for People to Live In, During its hottest summer, Penrith calls on the experts to help it cool down, How Western Sydney is tackling the mysterious 'heat island' effect behind rising temperatures, Sydney in 2010: 18th consecutive warm year, Special Climate Statement 27 - An exceptional summer heatwave in greater Sydney and the Hunter Valley. View Index of Climate Classification Types Temperate, without dry season, hot summer. Köppen climate classification (base climate related classification datasets) Custodian. [19][20][21], Sydney experiences an urban heat island effect,[22] making certain parts of the city more vulnerable to extreme heat, particularly the west. Precipitation here is about 1309 mm | 51.5 inch per year. Sydney's Koeppen classification is Cfa (Humid Subtropical) with homoclimes including Buenos Aires, Hong Kong, Brisbane and Southeastern USA. Originating from the north-eastern region of South Australia, the dust storm lifted thousands of tons of dirt and soil which were then dumped in Sydney Harbour and the Tasman Sea. Singapore has a significant amount of rainfall during the year. Temperatures tend to be stable in late summer where they rarely go below 21 °C (70 °F) or over 40 °C (104 °F), unlike late spring and early summer where such extremes would occur. [6] The city receives around 20 thunderstorms per year. Summer 2018-19 rainfall across Greater Sydney was close to average in nearly all suburbs. In May, the average highs would be around 20 °C (68 °F) and 19 °C (66 °F) with cool and usually humid nights, that seldom dip below 10 °C (50 °F). The precipitation of the low comes from a nimbostratus cloud that would dump as much as 70 mm (2.76 in) of rain for as much as two days, with the CBD getting higher precipitation amount. The wind blows frequently, especially from October to April, that is, in the warm season (being that it's in the Southern Hemisphere, the seasons in Sydney are reversed in comparison to Europe or North America). Also read about the drainage on this link >>> CLIMATE 1. [7] According to the Bureau of Meteorology, Sydney falls in the temperate climate zone which has warm to hot summers[a] and no dry season. Batemans Bay C. Potter, Sydney, Australia. Climate zone 2 - warm humid summer, mild winter. Climatology. Lismore Philippine climate zones traditionally were classified from a rain-gauge network, using the Modified Coronas Classification (MCC). Temperate can mean a lot of different climate types so it's too vague of a description. The Towards a Resilient Sydney Adaptation Review Paper examined global examples to identify ‘best practice’ principles and actions for urban adaptation planning for climate change.. Review and synthesis. Sunday Sunny. This is true even for the driest month. Cool conditions from late winter may continue in September with the maximum temperature dipping as low as 18 °C (64 °F) at the coldest, but due to the drastic transition, temperatures above 30 °C (86 °F) can also be expected in that month. He explained that cooling the CBD would reduce the temperature by 1.5 °C in the west and tree coverage could cool down suburban streets by as much as 10 °C (50 °F) in hot days since high-density housing developments and scarce trees trap heat. [127], The Sydney Basin was in the Tharawal country. In Maitland, the average annual temperature is 17.9 °C | 64.2 °F. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Cfa. In 2013, the city had the warmest July and September on record,[68][69] with September being one of the driest. Greening Australia stated that January mean maximum temperatures in the west have risen at a pace of 0.65°C per decade, over twice as much as eastern Sydney’s 0.28°C per decade. My thoughts on Trewartha being too broad were because of the maps, but this is good. The average annual temperature in Sydney is 17.6 °C | 63.7 °F. It gets quite hot in the summers when most days are in the low 30's ( 86 fahrenheit + ) or the very high 20's. It has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa in the Koeppen climate classification). Batt, K, 1995: Sea breezes on the NSW coast, Offshore Yachting, Oct/Nov 1995, Jamieson Publishing. Mullumbimby Sydney's climate is classified as warm and temperate. [9] In contrast, western suburbs such as Liverpool and Penrith have 41 and 67 days with temperatures above 30 °C (86 °F), 10 and 19 days above 35 °C (95 °F), and, 1 and 4 days above 40 °C (104 °F), respectively. Other seasons seldom see such fluctuations in a day's span. The other phenomenon that arises from these long, dry and hot periods is bushfires, which occur frequently in the areas surrounding the city. Climate data over a period of 78 years (1929 – 2007) from Sydney airport has been used for this study. [45], Early spring is rapidly transitional. The most frequently used climate classification map is that of Wladimir Köppen, presented in its latest version 1961 by Rudolf Geiger. The average annual temperature in Sydney is 17.6 °C | 63.7 °F. There was a fall of snow; we made snowballs at Enmore and enjoyed the usual schoolboy amusements therewith". The sunniest days in Bondi Beach are in December which has the most hours of sunshine per day with an average of 11.1 hours of sunshine per day, making it a very sunny and pleasant month with long bright days. Nowra International airport serving Sydney, Australia. It’s peak jacaranda season: Here’s where to see them, in August 2013: Warm, dry, sunny end to winter, Climate Change in the Sydney Metropolitan Catchments, Greater Sydney Commission report: Sydney’s gaping urban heat and liveability imbalance, These two Western Sydney streets are completely different temperatures — here's why, First western Sydney microclimate maps reveal extent of heat variation in region, Extreme measures: An ecologist’s urban sensors show us just how hot Western Sydney is getting, Sydney weather: How urbanisation creates hot microclimates in our suburbs. The climate here is classified as Cfa by the Köppen-Geiger system. Sydney's climate is classified as warm and temperate. Winds S/SE 15 to 20 km/h becoming N/NE 15 to 25 km/h in the middle of the day. [9], In winter, the diurnal range in the western suburbs is relatively high, with temperatures being as high as 19 °C (66 °F) during the day and as low as 3 °C (37 °F) at night. Temperate Marine climate/Oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). Moderately cool summer … Temperate Marine climate/Oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). [52] Moreover, a heat logger registered a temperature of 52.0 °C (125.6 °F) at Berkshire Park, making it the hottest temperature ever recorded in Sydney, albeit an unofficial one. [74], Sydney experienced its hottest summer since records began in the summer of 2016-17, with more than 10 days over 35 °C (95 °F). [83], Rain hours are longer in the winter than in the summer, with rainfall lingering on for the whole day. MacDonnell, Freda. Dubbo [84] Sometimes these afternoon showers give away to the sun again, although black nor'easters may provide rainfall for a few consecutive days. In this classification scheme, the climate of each region is based on temperature and rainfall, as indicated by the native vegetation. [33], In late spring and summer, Sydney can sometimes get northwesterly winds from the Outback, which are dry and hot, making the temperatures soar above 38 °C (100 °F), with the relative humidity as low as 15%. Simply put, Australia is already a hot and dry country and it’s expected to generally get hotter and drier without action on climate change. [56] Because 48.9 °C (120.0 °F) was recorded in Penrith (on January 4 2020), it won't be unusual to have a 50 °C (122 °F) reading somewhere nearby, especially if it lacked green space and retained heat to intensify heatwave temperatures. [89][90], The annual evaporation rate for Sydney is 1,600 mm (62.99 in),[91] with the rate in the summer being 600 mm (23.62 in)[92] and in winter 300 mm (11.81 in). [27][28][29][30], Summer in Sydney tends to vary, but it is generally warm to hot. The rainfall here is around 1429 mm | 56.3 inch per year. The warmest year on record was 2016, with a mean temperature of 19.6 °C (67.3 °F) degrees. [10][11] The monthly percent possible sunshine ranges between 53% in January to 72% in August. ; 2 Área de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Departamento de Biología y Geología, Física y Química Inorgánica, Escuela Superior de Ciencias Experimentales y Tecnología, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Calle Tulipán Sin Número, Móstoles 28933, Spain. I think Sydney is also an Oceanic climate, in that it is affected by the ocean. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 35° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates.. Evans, J. P., Ji, F., Lee, C., Smith, P., Argüeso, D., and Fita, L. (2014) A regional climate modelling projection ensemble experiment – NARCliM, Geoscientific Model Development, 7(2), 621-629, doi: 10.5194/gmd-7-621- 2014. The Sydney-Bowen Basin was formed when the earth's crust expanded, subsided and filled with sediment between the late Carboniferous and Triassic. Sydney experiences a hot and humid summers and mild winters. [21] Southerly busters are expected from November to the end of February. Taking stock. Yamba The lowest maximum temperature in Liverpool was 8.2 °C (47 °F), recorded on 28 July 1981. In a year, the rainfall is 932 mm | 36.7 inch. In Newcastle, the average annual temperature is 18.0 °C | 64.3 °F. Cessnock Climate of New South Wales: Descriptive, Historical, and Tabular. Unknown to many, the outback can experience below freezing temperatures during the winter months. New South Wales has many different climates, but is dominated by Cfa. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cfa. Before King's Cross. The climate of Sydney is humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa),[1] shifting from mild and cool in winter to warm and hot in the summer, with no extreme seasonal differences as the weather is moderated by proximity to the ocean,[2] although more contrasting temperatures are recorded in the inland western suburbs. The rainfall in Sydney is significant, with precipitation even during the driest month. Temperatures were warmer than normal following several heatwave events during December and January. [115] During that year, Sydney experienced a number of warm winter days, dry gusty winds and another milder dust storm. This is true even for the driest month. [52][53], When it's 25 °C (77 °F) at Bondi for instance, the temperature will be around 30 °C (86 °F) just west of the Sydney Harbour Bridge, around 35 °C (95 °F) near Parramatta and as much as 40 °C (104 °F) 40 km (25 mi) inland. Classification of a greenhouse is according to its basic shape. The rainfall in Sydney is significant, with precipitation even during the driest month. The weather station used (Observatory Hill) is also on the water and closer to the coast than a significant portion of Sydney. (1985) Observation of airflow over the Alps during a foehn event. Major bushfires impacted western Sydney and the Blue Mountains, resulting in some evacuations, closed roads, and destroyed homes. Settled snow has become less common in recent decades. Precipitation varies across … [121], Furthermore, 2018 in Sydney has been one of the driest in a century, with the Greater Western Sydney farming region being the worst affected. Nowra / ˈ n aʊər ə / is a city in the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia.It is located 160 kilometres (99 mi) south-southwest of the state capital of Sydney (about 120 kilometres (75 mi) as the crow flies. At times, it may be accompanied by a thunderstorm and drizzle, and it may keep the temperatures cool the following few days as well. © Climate-Data.org / AM OP / OpenStreetMap contributors. Sydney climate summary The Sydney lies on 27m above sea level Sydney's climate is classified as warm and temperate. Greater Sydney in summer 2018-19: very warm, average rainfall. Climate data and weather averages in Sydney. The north-east of the state is dominated by summer rainfall, with relatively dry winters. In mid-autumn, the highs typically average at a pleasant 22 °C (72 °F) or 23 ° C (73 ° F), rarely going above 30 °C (86 °F) or below 20 °C (68 °F). Australia, a huge country of more than 7.5 million square kilometers (3 million square miles), crossed by the Tropic of Capricorn, has largely an arid climate, classified as desert or semi-desert, except in the extreme north, where it is tropical (with a rainy and a dry season), and on the southern coasts, where it is more temperate, oceanic or Mediterranean. Weather stations at an altitude above 1210m have not been included. In September, temperatures were 4 °C (7 °F) above average[70] and the city had over seven days where temperatures reached 28 °C (82 °F), making it more similar to November's weather pattern. Western Sydney. [100], During this condition, an orographic cloud band, or the Föhn wall, builds up along the ridgelines of the NSW highlands due to condensation of moisture as the air ascends the windward slopes. Sydney Precipitation here is about 1309 mm | 51.5 inch per year. Furthermore, the airport and parts of the western suburbs also broke heat records in that month. In weather maps, a band of clear air called the Föhn gap, which is over the downwind of the Blue Mountains region, can be seen between the wall and arched cloud cover. [55], Urban heat island of the CBD has been efficaciously blocking the cooler air from reaching the inland suburbs because the CBD's "high temperature, is like a wall that stops the sea breeze in its tracks. Weather stations at an altitude above 1210m have not been included. [14][15] On some hot summer days, low pressure troughs increase humidity and southerly busters decrease temperatures by late afternoon or early evening. We present new global maps of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification at an unprecedented 1-km resolution for the present-day (1980-2016) and for projected future conditions (2071-2100) under climate change. Some of the western suburbs recorded the lowest total February rainfall on record. [54] Furthermore, within the CBD, heat maps show the area around Central Station (in Haymarket) is 0.5–1.0 °C (1–2 °F) warmer than Circular Quay and surrounds, making it the hottest place in the CBD. Orange Such extreme temperature differences in the Sydney metropolitan area usually occur in late spring when the western Pacific Ocean is still quite cool and the inland air is warm. Under the Köppen Climate Classification climate classification, "dry-summer subtropical" climates are often referred to as "Mediterranean". Sydney (UoS) to conduct a Phase Abercrombie Precinct Redevelopment Phase II EA is in support of a Part 3a Major Redevelopment. Agriculture in the south, which depends on regular rainfall from cold fronts traversing Australia’s south-east in winter, receives less rain in summer. Mag., 45, 251–60. The precipitation then gets rid of the moisture from the air mass on the lee side, and the condensation raises the air temperature as it descends the lee slopes because of the adiabatic compression. Port Macquarie The topography is flat with a Köppen climate classification of BsK (Hot semi arid). Singapore climate summary The Singapore lies on 9m above sea level The climate is tropical in Singapore. As well as a subject we feel passionate about, the team at Sydney Environmental Group has the capability to prepare Climate Change Impact and Risk Assessments to help individuals, businesses and governments assess and quantify the risks associated with projected climate change impacts. [57][58], A study by the University of Western Australia and RMIT indicated that the western suburbs have a much stronger urban heat island effect than those east of the CBD and that hotter temperatures in the west are human contributed due to solar radiation absorbing materials in black asphalt and dark roofs, anthropogenic heat from cars and less natural environments, thereby creating a “heat dome” that blocks the cooler air from the sea. Hoinka, K.P. [122] Due to the widespread bushfires in December 2019, which even affected the western periphery of the city, the Sydney metropolitan area suffered from dangerous smoky haze for several days throughout the month, with the air quality being 11 times the hazardous level in some days,[123][124] even making it worse than New Delhi's,[125] where it was also equalled to "smoking 32 cigarettes. Smog is noticeable on hot days, even without bushfires. [53] Annually, coastal Sydney sees five heat-related deaths per 100,000 people while the western suburbs see 14 per 100,000. For example, date palms grow only in regions where the mean temperature of the coldest month is greater than 18 degrees C, so Köppen chose the 18 degree C isotherm in the coldest month as the boundary of the equatorial climate. Northeasterlies and easterly sea breezes are dominant from early summer to early autumn, because the anticlockwise-rotating subtropical ridge is to the south of the city where it allows winds from the sea to penetrate. Climate zone 7 - … It has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa in the Koeppen climate classification). Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 111, 199-224. Abstract: The grids shows the Köppen classification indicies across Australia in the form of two-dimensional array data. 8 February 2011, Year 2009: Very warm with below average rainfall in Sydney, Sydney in July 2013: Warmest July on record, Sydney in September 2013: Warmest September on record, Climate Council reports warmest September on record, September’s average temperature for Sydney beats 33-year-old record, October blew away heat records for any month of any year: Bureau of Meteorology, "Warm weather set to continue as smoke from burns lingers in Sydney", Hottest financial year on record BOM data shows, "Weather forecast: Sydney, Brisbane, Adelaide heatwave hell", "Sydney clocks the hottest place on Earth as hot weather continues", "Sydney has its hottest April day on record and the endless summer looks set to continue", Climate of Sydney Australia the Good and the Bad, "Climate statistics for Bankstown Airport", Australian Rainfall & Runoff PROJECT 1 Development of Intensity Frequency-Duration Information across Australia, Storm hits Sydney after scorching day of hot weather, Average pan evaporation - Average annual, monthly and seasonal evaporation, "Climate Statistics for Australian Locations", Wind & weather statistics Botany Bay/Sydney Airport, Wilder winds, less rain, as Roaring Forties become Furious Fifties, Sydney weather: Flights cancelled as wild winds set to batter NSW throughout weekend, BOM warns NSW to brace for worse weather as strong winds tear roof off Newcastle nursing home, Appendix D Western Sydney Airport Usability Report, "Year 2009: Very warm with below average rainfall in Sydney", "Sydney turns red: dust storm blankets city", Brisbane on alert as dust storms sweep east, "Third warmest winter on record for Sydney", Sydney in January 2011: Warm start to 2011, "Sydney in midst of driest summer for more than 70 years", "2017 brought another year of weather extremes as drought and heat took its toll", Dust storm hits Sydney, NSW Government issues air quality warning, Worst drought in more than 100 years now on Sydney’s doorstep, "Sydney smoke haze reaches 11 times the hazardous level", "Sydney smoke: bushfires haze smothers landmarks – in pictures", "Bushfire smoke makes Sydney air quality worse than Delhi", "Sydney fire haze equal to 'smoking 32 cigarettes, "Sydney, New South Wales Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)", "GLOBAL ECOLOGICAL ZONING FOR THE GLOBAL FOREST RESOURCES ASSESSMENT 2000", http://www.bom.gov.au/jsp/ncc/cdio/weatherData/av?p_nccObsCode=122&p_display_type=dailyDataFile&p_startYear=2016&p_c=-872174116&p_stn_num=066037, http://www.bom.gov.au/jsp/ncc/cdio/weatherData/av?p_nccObsCode=123&p_display_type=dailyDataFile&p_startYear=2016&p_c=-872174312&p_stn_num=066037, "Climate statistics for Prospect Reservoir", Monthly mean maximum temperature for Sydney (Observatory Hill), Monthly mean maximum temperature for Bankstown Airport AWS, Monthly mean maximum temperature for Penrith Lakes AWS, Monthly mean maximum temperature for Prospect Reservoir, NSW and Sydney monthly climate summary archive, NSW & Sydney seasonal climate summary archive, NSW & Sydney annual climate summary archive, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_Sydney&oldid=993488865, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Use Australian English from February 2012, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 21:48. 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