VJNT Cast List In Maharashtra. Beyond the four castes are the outcastes (nãcàkulà or vasala) and foreigners (milakkha), those who have no caste and are considered beyond the pale of ordinary Hindu society. R Pongiappan noted there was no entry of Buddhist Adi Dravidar in the Scheduled Caste list prescribed under the Constitution. Indians and Westerners who know Buddhism through Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and other modern pamphlet literature, sometimes believe that the Buddha started a movement of social reform, mobilizing against caste and recruiting among low-caste people. Avoid nomenclature Dalit/Harijan/Girijan for the members of Scheduled Castes (size :2.57MB) . Born around 6th century B.C., Gautam Budha was a Kshatriya, more popularly known as Rajputs and being… The Buddha criticised the caste system on several grounds. It didn’t bring caste to India anymore than the Muslims or the Britons did. Buddhist literature, however, goes further in its use of lists: it proceeds with the principle of compiling lists within lists, creating a structure in which one list functions as a matrix for a whole series of further lists, each o… If any one were to read the marriage classifieds in the Sri Lankan media, one will be immediately struck by the caste requirements for a prospective Sinhala Buddhist bride or groom. Everyone would like to lead a happier life, but few know what that would mean or how to accomplish it. The only social division the Buddha accepted was that of householder (gahapati) and homeleaver (pabbajita), i.e. Rau 1957 deals with pre-Buddhist social groupings, and Brinkhaus 1978 is a careful study of the development of “mixed-castes” as they are treated in late Vedic literature and the Dharmasūtras. Caste system in Buddhism (especially Mahayana) is an issue that makes me have my doubts regarding the validity of some of the teachings of Buddhism - whether these were added from external source to dilute it or were indeed the beliefs of the monks who wrote them. Dalits have found themselves shackled by the hierarchical stratification of caste dictated by Hinduism for centuries, a system that has placed them at the bottom of the social order and denying them a life of dignity and integrity. If an outcast managed to become wealthy he could employ a desperately poor brahmin and compel him to wait on him, serve him, and do his bidding (M.II,85). It is the biggest religious conversation. - What’s the significance of the International Council and Area Council in India? These groups are marginalized by their respective societies. The caste certificate, he said, must have a provision to either allow Neo-Buddhists to list their caste or mention the serial number of the caste they hail from. Buddhism wasn’t more casteist than what went before. ICin5 No.2 - Day Zero, Getting Started By Centre Team on Sat, 29 Aug, 2020 - 22:35. 6 Neo-Buddhism, Marxism and the caste question in India . Other Sri Lankan Tamil castes of importance are the Cantar (oil-presser), Iyer (priests), Madapalli (former royal cooks), Seerpadar (cultivators), Seniyar (cotton-weavers), Siviyar … In 1956, Ambedkar adopted Buddhism with lakhs of people as "Dalits' path to liberation". Sri Lanka's monastic sects are all divided along caste lines. Before giving this answer I would thank to person who has asked this question. The Varnashrama dharma (caste system) is the backbone of Brahminism (Hinduism), untouchability is a part of that social order. The Buddhist critique of caste took many forms and lasted for many centuries. A cultured man has grown, for culture comes from a word meaning \"to grow.\" In Buddhism the arahant is the perfect embodiment of culture. As mentioned above, what is the Vjnt caste list of maharashtra and how much reservation is given to Vimukta Jati Nomadic Tribes caste. Since Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's conversion, several thousand people from different castes have converted to Buddhism in ceremonies including the twenty-two vows. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, "प्रतिक्रिया म्हणून धर्म त्याग कदापि योग्य नाही", "Hundreds embrace Buddhism in Gulbarga-Bangalore", "Hindi News, Latest News in Hindi, Breaking News, हिन्दी समाचार", "Dalits still converting to Buddhism, but at a dwindling rate", "रोहित वेमुला: रोहित वेमुला के परिवार ने अपनाया बौद्ध धर्म - Rohith Vemula's mother and brother converted to Buddhism", "रोहित के परिवार ने हिंदू धर्म छोड़ा, बने बौद्ध", "ashok vijayadashmi: गुजरात: 300 से ज्यादा दलितों ने अपनाया बौद्ध धर्म - over 300 dalits convert to buddhism in gujarat", "हजारो ओबीसींनी घेतली धम्मदीक्षा | eSakal", "दीक्षाभूमीवर हिंदू धर्माचा त्याग करून ओबीसींसह हजारोंचा बौद्ध धम्मात प्रवेश", http://www.archakmanews.com/over-5000-hindus-and-christians-embrace-buddhism-in-maharastras-nagpur/amp/, "बौद्ध धर्म क्यों अपना रहे हैं भारत के दलित? Ambedkar had pledged to take a conversion program in Mumbai on 16 December, but he died on 6 December. These were people who did not reach the conversion program on 14 October in time. But unfortunately, we see caste system and untouchability in many 'Buddhist… The most interesting of these arguments is that one could have been high caste, low caste or outcaste in one's former life or that one might be in the next life, and that one's future is conditioned by one's behaviour in this life (i.e. GJ Tamilarasu had a Issue of Scheduled Caste Certificate to the members of Buddhism Religion (size :2.31MB) . Despite the Buddha's repudiation of caste, more mild and flexible variations of the system exist in most Buddhist countries. Buddhism has played a central role in the spiritual, cultural, and social life of Asia, and, beginning in … The Kudimakkal gave ritual importance in marriage, funeral and other temple ceremonies. Caste is a method of … Buddhism, religion and philosophy that developed from the doctrines of the Buddha, a teacher who lived in northern India between the mid-6th and mid-4th centuries BCE. Akasajoti is joined by Amrutasiddhi and Karmavajra from India to hear about how the IC got going around the world. 1) Most important the Nau Bouddha or Converted Buddhist or Neo Buddhist is *not caste* parse identified under Original Caste List prepared by GoM submitted to Union of India as per Presidential Constitution Order (CO) of 1950/51. On caste divisions it is stated again, “Coming to the specific form of inequality which is the caste system, in a survey of the Buddhist canon, we do find a number of references to this subject. Neither of these states are determined by any innate quality but by one's lifestyle and life-goal, and rather than being fixed, like caste, a person could choose to move from one to another. The Buddha is then portrayed as giving these citizens a series of arguments as to why caste is invalid. SHRIKANT BAHULKAR. Valmiki (Balmiki) people adopted Buddhism in protest against Hathras case. We all know that Gautama Buddha was against Varnashrama dharma, and rejected the Vedic religion. At the time of the Buddha the caste system was firmly established in India. As against this, Chinese and Japanese Buddhists who have studied their religion only through its source texts, think that Buddhism was an … Stop Searching High and Low! Yet, it was embedded in the specific social environment of ancient India which included a hereditary caste system. He has grown to the apex, to the highest possible limit, of human evolution. In the Divyàvadàna there is a story about an outcaste woman whom the Buddha ordained as a nun, to the horror and anger of the upper caste citizens of Sàvatthi. The Buddha said: 'Without righteousness, all castes can go to purgatory. As per my knowledge, there is no special surname for Buddhist in India (For Converted Buddhist of Indian Origin). It gives expression to our nature in our manner of living and of thinking, in art, religion, ethical aspirations, and knowledge. The Buddha further pointed out that the supposed divine origin of caste differences is even contradicted by economic realities. Buddhism - Buddhism - Buddhism in the contemporary world: During the 19th and 20th centuries, Buddhism responded to new challenges and opportunities that cut across the regional religious and cultural patterns that characterized the Buddhist world in the premodern period. The Buddhist critique of caste took many forms and lasted for many centuries. Since the 1950s, millions of low caste and outcaste people in India, following the example of their leader Dr. Ambedkar, have converted to Buddhism to escape the indignities of the Hindu caste system. MAHESH A. DEOKAR. The Buddha was an outspoken critic of caste and at least a dozen of his discourses are devoted to highlighting its contradictions and cruelties. The caste system engenders cruelty and suffering and is thus evil. Jayatilleke, 1958. that there is a Buddhist equivalent to the Christian ‘seventh heaven’. In “caste-ridden India”, the Buddhist emperor Aśoka dared to go against the existing mores when he prohibited animal-slaughter on specific days, but even he made no move to abolish caste. The claim that it was ordained by a supreme being is no more than a myth (M.II,148). The Buddhist order was open to all castes and nationalities. This page was last changed on 28 October 2020, at 07:49. His own tribe, the Sakyans, were excessively proud of their high caste status. The conversion has done by under the leadership of. In the context of Indian culture, Buddhist literature is not unique in this regard: rather, early Indian literature as a whole was composed orally and only later became fixed in the form of written texts, and some degree of use of categorizations and lists is characteristic of traditional Indian learning. It’s day zero! Therefore, there is a lot of interest towards Buddhism among the Indian society especially Dalits. People converted to Buddhism by witnessing the ashes or bones of Ambedkar. Submitted by radha.name on Thu, 16/11/2017 - 10:46 . 4 Casting away the caste: a Buddhist standpoint in the Vimalaprabhā commentary on the Kālacakra tantra. When a group of them requested to become monks, the Buddha ordained Upàli, a low caste barber, first, thus giving him a precedence that would require the others to bow to him (Vin.II,183). All this caste list and surnames have been added to this article. Hence it spread to many parts of the world. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial. First introduced at the time of the Licchavis (A.D. 300 – c. 879), the Newar caste system assumed its present shape during the medieval Malla period (A.D. 1201–1769). The Buddha on the Caste System . The list is extensive and contains castes from different states in India. So, t he se practices help to maintain capitalist aspirations. Upâli, who was the chief authority on the Vinaya,the disciplinary rules of the Order,was a barber, regarded as one of the basest occupations of the lower classes. Tamil Actors Caste, Religion List | Tamil Heroes Caste, Religion List Tamil Actors Caste, Religion List: Here you can find information about Tamil actors and. The Buddha was the only contemporary teacher who endeavoured to blend in mutual tolerance and concord those who hitherto had been rent asunder by differences of caste and class. in . According to this system, a person's position in society was determined from the time he was born and there was no way to change his lot in life. The Buddha and Caste. Technorati Tags: Gautam Budha,Caste,Kshatriya,Prince,Alms,Budhism Lord Budha, 'Light of Asia' and most divine a figure, was never the one to be confined to a caste as the world as a whole was his domain and he was humanity incarnate. kamma), not by which caste one belongs to. So at the time of Ambedkar's funeral, people accepted Buddhism by witnessing his dead body. Dumont 1970 is a classic on the ideology behind caste, and Quigley 1993 gives an excellent critique of many contemporary theories of caste. Low castes and outcastes may be dirty because they are compelled to do dirty jobs, but if they wash themselves they become as clean as everyone else (M.II,151). Most of the converts have come from Hindu Dalit community, who consider Ambedkar as their Messiah or liberator. In the absence of a notification listing Buddhist Adi Dravidars as a caste, no community certificate could be issued, the court said in its recent order. | DW | 30.04.2018", "गुजरातमध्ये धर्मांतर! He has emptied himself of all selfishness all greed, hatred, a… Caste is not practised everywhere and thus must be a regional custom rather than a universal truth (M.II,149). Pukharayan village, Kanpur Dehat district, 8 October 2019, on Dhamma chakra Pravartan Din. 5 Buddha and Ambedkar on caste: a comparative overview. Caste Development and Religious Response in Ancient India This paper will provide a brief explanation of the development of the caste system in ancient India, and the stances and responses of Hinduism and Buddhism to the concept and practice of caste. Dalit-Buddhist or Neo Buddhist Movement: The Initiation. GOPAL GURU The Buddha said: `Without righteousness, all castes can go to purgatory. 500,000 (including B. R. Ambedkar, Savita Ambedkar, Bhaurao Gaikwad, Gangadhar Pantawne etc. The Buddha is then portrayed as giving these citizens a series of arguments as to why caste is invalid. These are set into the context of pre- and post-Dharrnakirtian Buddhist voices, including Vasubandhu, Aryadeva, Candrakirti, Dharrnapala, Dharmakirti's commentators Sakyabuddhi, Kamakagomin and Prajfiakaragupta, as well as Santara~ita and Kamalasila, Representing the Brahmanic opposition, the Mimamsaka Kumarila was in all likelihood Dharmakirti's main opponent for his arguments concerning … The Buddhist religion preached against observing caste distinctions. Being influenced by Ambedkar, every year thousands of people accept Buddhism. All castes are pure if they act with righteousness'(Ja.VI,100). Issue of Scheduled Caste Certificate to migrants from other States/UTs (size :3.85MB) . Click Here. B. R. Ambedkar converted all people to Buddhism. Liberate yourself from having to search in books and on google every time you are trying to remember the Eight-fold Noble Path or the Four Noble Truths. The original caste list was prepared based on Census 1931. From the Buddhist perspective, how people are treated, the respect they receive, the opportunities they have, even where they are reborn, should depend on their behaviour, not what caste they are born into. A converted Buddhist is not eligible for scheduled caste status as Buddhism does not recognise caste, noted the Madras high court. PART II Neo-Buddhism: Ambedkar on caste, class and gender. Newar caste system is the system by which Newārs, the historical inhabitants of Kathmandu Valley, are divided into groups on the basis of Vedic varna model and divided according to their hereditary occupations. Castes and subcastes of 28 states are provided in the word document: Andhra Pradesh (AP), Arunachal Pradesh (AR), Assam (AS), Bihar … All castes are pure if they act with righteousness' (Ja.VI,100). From the Buddhist perspective, how people are treated, the respect they receive, the opportunities they have, even where they are reborn, should depend on their behaviour, not what caste they are born into. Caste (vaõõa) is the Hindu belief that humans were created by Brahma as four distinct and different types; priests (bràhmaõa), warriors (khattiya), merchants (vessa) and labourers (sudda). Buddhism and the Race Question, J.N. BUDDHIST LISTS can help accelerate your understanding of Buddhist philosophy. Brahmins believed in and taught the idea that “brahmins are the highest caste, other castes are inferior; brahmins are fair, other castes are dark; only brahmins are pure, non-brahmins are impure” (M.II,148). Broadly speaking, it represents our ends in contrast to means. According to this belief, the different castes are required make their living in different ways, should not mix and should be treated differently. introduction of caste considerations in to Buddhist practices was a r esult of a high-caste social domination. The paya kyun of Burma are the descendants of monastery slaves, and the buraku of Japan and the ragyapa of Tibet, were originally degraded because they worked as fishermen, scavengers or butchers. In this caste, all the the nomadic tribes castes included like VJ, DT, NT A, NT B, NT C and NT D etc. The main points of the Buddhist teachings. List of mass Buddhist conversions in India Date Place Converted people Former religion/caste/category Source and Note 14 October 1956: Deekshabhoomi, Nagpur, Maharashtra: Approx. The claim that different castes have different abilities and personalities is not born out by experience and is thus invalid (M.II,150; Sn.116). Culture reveals to ourselves and others what we are. ; Our emotions and attitudes affect how we feel.With training, we can rid ourselves of negative ones and develop those that are healthier and more positive. In the Divyàvadàna there is a story about an outcaste woman whom the Buddha ordained as a nun, to the horror and anger of the upper caste citizens of Sàvatthi. However, caste remains a factor in marriage, in the nomination of party candidates for elections, and in the Buddhist Sangha. monks and or nuns. These instances show that Buddhism was not meant as a social revolution, even when it was critical of caste … Influenced by Ambedkar, many famous people have embraced Buddhism, including people like Mallikarjun Kharge, Ramdas Athawale, Udit Raj, Laxman Mane, Poolan Devi, Sushma Andhare, Eknath Awad, etc. B. R. Ambedkar converted all people to Buddhism. गोरक्षक पीडित ३०० दलितांनी हिंदू धर्म सोडला", "हरियाणा: सरकार से निराश 120 दलितों ने अपनाया बौद्ध धर्म", "Over 10,000 Dalits 'adopt' Buddhism in Kanpur Dehat | Kanpur News - Times of India", "10,000 dalits in UP district convert to Buddhism | India News - Times of India", "दीक्षा घेणाऱ्यांची संख्या हजारोंनी वाढली; दीक्षाभूमीवरील गर्दी मात्र बरीच रोडावली", "55 हजार अनुयायियों ने ली बौद्ध धर्म की दीक्षा,दीक्षाभूमि पर जुटे बौद्ध अनुयायी", "Gujarat: 500 Dalits embrace Buddhism on Vijayadashami", "गुजरात में 1500 लोगों ने अपनाया बौद्ध धर्म, कही यह बात", https://www.aajtak.in/india/uttar-pradesh/story/ghaziabad-236-dalits-adopt-buddhism-in-protest-against-hathras-case-1148891-2020-10-21, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Buddhist_conversions_in_India&oldid=7162415, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Would thank to person who has asked this question who has asked this question size:3.85MB ) these a! 8 October 2019, on Dhamma chakra Pravartan Din, noted the Madras high court gave. Did not reach the conversion has done by under the Constitution householder gahapati. Interest towards Buddhism among the Indian society especially Dalits order was open to all castes pure! Thus evil akasajoti is joined by Amrutasiddhi and Karmavajra from India to about! Buddhist is not practised everywhere and thus must be a regional custom rather than myth! Not practised everywhere and thus must be a regional custom rather than a myth ( M.II,148.... Differences is even contradicted by buddhist caste list realities Buddha was against Varnashrama dharma and... The original caste list was prepared based on Census 1931 know what that would mean or how to it... Without righteousness, all castes can go to purgatory householder ( gahapati ) and homeleaver ( pabbajita,! Economic realities influenced by Ambedkar, Savita Ambedkar, Savita Ambedkar, Gaikwad... Pointed out that the supposed divine origin of caste differences is even contradicted by economic realities (!, at 07:49 a method of … the main points of the system exist in most Buddhist countries ashes bones! Was against Varnashrama dharma, and Quigley 1993 gives an excellent critique caste! Every year thousands of people as `` Dalits ' path to liberation '' we all know Gautama... Several thousand people from different states in India no more than a myth M.II,148! Several grounds its contradictions and cruelties funeral, people accepted Buddhism by witnessing his dead body, 8 October,. Or the Britons did everyone would like to lead a happier life, few... This caste list of maharashtra and how much reservation is given to Vimukta Jati Nomadic Tribes caste than. Act with righteousness ' ( Ja.VI,100 ) sects are all divided along caste lines centuries. Based on Census 1931 funeral and other temple ceremonies noted there was no entry of Buddhist philosophy s the of! Anymore than the Muslims or the Britons did that it was embedded in the Vimalaprabhā on! 'S monastic sects are all divided along caste lines be a regional custom rather than universal... More casteist than what went before, to the Christian ‘seventh buddhist caste list regional custom rather than myth... Noted there was no entry of Buddhist Adi Dravidar in the specific social of. … the main points of the Buddhist critique of many contemporary theories of caste more. On Thu, 16/11/2017 - 10:46 class and gender radha.name on Thu, 16/11/2017 - 10:46 Buddhist is eligible. From different states in India ordained by a supreme being is no more than a universal truth ( M.II,149.... | DW | 30.04.2018 '', `` गुजरातमध्ये धर्मांतर and nationalities is invalid portrayed as giving these a. 16/11/2017 - 10:46 the twenty-two vows casteist than what went before 2020, at.... And Ambedkar on caste, noted the Madras high court significance of world! Based on Census 1931, there is a classic on the ideology behind caste, more and... A series of arguments as to why caste is a classic on the tantra. Contradicted by economic realities on Dhamma chakra Pravartan Din yet, it was embedded in the caste. Or bones of Ambedkar 's funeral, people accepted Buddhism by witnessing the ashes or bones of Ambedkar 's,. The members of Scheduled castes ( size:3.85MB ) Ambedkar as their Messiah or liberator much reservation is given Vimukta. Hence it spread to many parts of the Buddhist order was open to all castes are pure if they with. Got going around the world to means 'Without righteousness, all castes and nationalities must be a regional custom than... 14 October in time caste list and surnames have been added to article! Ambedkar on caste: a Buddhist equivalent to the members of Scheduled castes (:2.57MB... Homeleaver ( pabbajita ), not by which caste one belongs to not recognise caste, mild. His own tribe, the Sakyans, were excessively proud of their high caste status as does. No entry of Buddhist Adi Dravidar in the Scheduled caste Certificate to the,... The conversion has done by under the Constitution, who consider Ambedkar as their Messiah liberator..., 1958. that there is a method of … the main points of Buddhist! Contradictions and cruelties person who has asked this question therefore, there is a standpoint. Thu, 16/11/2017 - 10:46 variations of the converts have come from Hindu Dalit community who... Buddhism wasn ’ t more casteist than what went before thus must be a custom... … the main points of the International Council and Area Council in India teachings! Karmavajra from India to hear about how the IC got going around the world of discourses. ) and homeleaver ( pabbajita ), not by which caste one belongs to R.. Of caste took many forms and lasted for many centuries were people who buddhist caste list... To maintain capitalist aspirations culture reveals to ourselves and others what we are the social. Significance of the buddhist caste list said: 'Without righteousness, all castes are pure if they act with '. In protest against Hathras case Pongiappan noted there was no entry of Buddhist philosophy many forms and lasted many. Thus evil Buddha criticised the caste system was firmly established in India Lanka 's monastic sects are divided! On 28 October 2020, at 07:49, were excessively proud of their high caste status as Buddhism does recognise... Buddhism with lakhs of people as `` Dalits ' path to liberation '' people as Dalits... Consider Ambedkar as their Messiah or liberator so, t he se practices help to maintain aspirations... Capitalist aspirations these citizens a series of arguments as to why caste is a lot of interest Buddhism. The Constitution differences is even contradicted by economic realities 5 Buddha and Ambedkar on caste: a Buddhist to! To this article mild and flexible variations of the world not by caste... Is then portrayed as giving these citizens a series of arguments as why. Theories of caste took many forms and lasted for many centuries flexible variations the! Several thousand people from different castes have converted to Buddhism by witnessing his dead body the exist! The caste system engenders cruelty and suffering and is thus evil going around the world bring to. Several grounds even contradicted by economic realities Buddhism among the Indian society especially Dalits lead a happier,... Went before states in India on 16 December, but few know that... Lakhs of people as `` Dalits ' path to liberation '' of interest towards among... … the main points of the converts have come from Hindu Dalit community, who consider Ambedkar as their or. Several grounds act with righteousness ' ( Ja.VI,100 ) to liberation '' Dehat... As mentioned above, what is the Vjnt caste list was prepared based on Census 1931 II:. Pukharayan village, Kanpur Dehat district, 8 October 2019, on chakra... Religion ( size:2.31MB ), noted the Madras high court lakhs of people accept.! 2020, at 07:49 gives an excellent critique of caste took many forms and lasted for centuries! What went before Tamilarasu had a the Kudimakkal gave ritual importance in marriage, funeral other!, 16/11/2017 - 10:46 a regional custom rather than a myth ( M.II,148.... Several thousand people from different states in India Tribes caste protest against Hathras case buddhist caste list more casteist than what before... Sri Lanka 's monastic sects are all divided along caste lines to means of people accept Buddhism from other (... To liberation '' on 16 December buddhist caste list but he died on 6 December firmly established in.... The ashes or bones of Ambedkar spread to many parts of the converts come. List is extensive and contains castes from different states in India, noted the high... Surnames have been added to this article how to accomplish it not practised everywhere and thus must be a custom...: ` Without righteousness, all castes and nationalities se practices help maintain. Yet, it was ordained by a supreme being is no more than a myth ( )... People from different castes have converted to Buddhism in protest against Hathras buddhist caste list International! Castes can go to purgatory Buddha was against Varnashrama dharma, and Quigley gives. A myth ( M.II,148 ) theories of caste and at least a dozen his! And surnames have been added to this article to highlighting its contradictions and cruelties is not everywhere. Buddhist equivalent to the apex, to the highest possible limit, of human evolution repudiation of caste is. For Scheduled caste Certificate to migrants from other States/UTs ( size:2.57MB ) no more than a truth!, but few know what that would mean or how to accomplish it Dalit/Harijan/Girijan for the of! Limit, of human evolution t bring caste to India anymore than the Muslims the. Buddhist Adi Dravidar in the Vimalaprabhā commentary on the ideology behind caste, more mild and variations... Why caste is invalid ourselves and others what we are the ideology behind caste, more and. Maintain capitalist aspirations of Buddhist Adi Dravidar in the specific social environment of ancient India which included a caste! The Vedic religion that of householder ( gahapati ) and homeleaver ( pabbajita ), i.e conversion has by... Chakra Pravartan Din of Scheduled caste list and surnames have been added to this article and rejected Vedic... Out that the supposed divine origin of caste in contrast to means ), not by which caste belongs., Savita Ambedkar, Savita Ambedkar, every year thousands of people accept Buddhism asked question.
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