Lighter: Also, due to being less complicated in construction than a four-stroke outboard, the two-stroke outboard is comparatively lighter. However, the 2 cycle product is now much more efficient in its injection methods used to bring fuel into the engine. A common belief is that a fourstroke outboard has more power than the two-stroke variety. The only thing I knew was that it’s much easier buying fuel for 4-stroke engines than having to make sure you’ve got the mix right for 2-stroke engines. The intake valve opens to allow the gas and air mixture into the combustion chamber. The dirtier combustion puts more wear and tear on the engine’s system because of the burned oil in the chamber. Valve timing is controlled mechanically by a timing chain or belt that drives a camshaft when the engine has more than one cylinder. I’ll start with the basics, explain how these engines work and then cover the finer details. Here what the state of california has to say, more on thier website sited in the sources: As the alternator increases the load, the RPM will drop and needs to recover quickly in order to maintain the constant RPM required for a stable electric current. The fuel is ignited and the Power stroke harnesses this energy just as it would with the 4-stroke. Reviews — Best Outdoor Storage Sheds for the Money, 2020 Reviews — Best 400,000 BTU Pool Heater? Crankcase-compression two-stroke engines, such as common small gasoline-powered engines, are lubricated by a petroil mixture in a total-loss system. Two stroke engines are generally lighter than comparable four stroke engines. Handheld power tools, like chainsaws and gas-powered garden tools, are a good example of the weight advantage provided by 2-stroke engines. Can power a range of things…. For This means that the engine has to have additional mechanical components, increasing the weight and adding to maintenance and repair procedures. The return stroke, called the power stroke, is driven by the exploded fuel. to their less efficient nature, two cycle engines are typically have a practical engine with only one cylinder. efficiency, you might choose a 4 stroke engine even if it means it is As the EPA and CARB introduce stricter regulations in the future, there is talk that the 2-stroke engine may not be able to meet these standards. These are simply openings in the side of the cylinder that coincide with a pre-calculated position of the piston. The operator does not have pull against the resistance of a high-compression engine. However, even with this technology, 4-stroke engines cannot compete with the rapid throttle response that you get from a 2-stroke engine. However, technically, they are not the same. While running, 4 strokes still tend to be quieter but depending upon the manufacturer, some 2 strokes compare to 4 stroke noise level while running. This reduces engine performance and will require more frequent cleaning of the spark plug and the carburetor. The reasons behind it are vastly due to fuel efficiency and cleaner emissions at the cost of outright power. Most new 2 strokes are fuel injected, and get just, if not better fuel economy as a 4 stroke. relatively lighter weight of a two-cycle engine. The downside to the free-spinning, low compression attributes of a 2-stroke engine is that they don’t function well at low RPM. When looking at 2-stroke vs 4-stroke engines, the differences go beyond the basic combustion process. The two stroke action makes for a noisier engine. Hence the term Revolutions per Minute (RPM). Well after looking at both the 2 stroke and 4 stroke models each have there own attributes which makes making a decison much harder. The compression results from the piston closing the intake port, combined with simultaneous combustion. Glad it makes more sense to you now, Trevor. The oil level needs to be checked regularly because the valve operation is dependent on the correct oil pressure. Your best friend in time of need. With a two-cycle, some of the fuel is wasted since it escapes during the combined intake and compression stroke. They are both a blast !! While the two-stroke is indeed simpler, it has its own drawbacks. If portability is top on your list, then a pancake air compressor is probably your best bet…. Some companies claim to be more fuel efficient than others, but in many cases, it’s a matter of splitting hairs. Valve stem seals and shims wear over time, as do the valves themselves and the valve openings in the engine head. 2019 Reviews — BEST Chainsaws for the Money? Unfortunately, most manufacturers don’t realize this. Polaris 2 stroke was the first pwc engine to pass 2008 emissions (polaris is no longer making pwcs), which at that time honda 4 stroke could not do. If you go back into the archives in search of an answer, then you’ll be looking a long time. Few peoples will be surprised that an old technology two stroke engine will push out more emission than a four stroke. For this reason, 2-stroke engines use a different type of oil to lubricate the engine. After a while, we got tired of it; it was never a level playing field. amzn_assoc_region = "US"; Outboard manufacturers had to come up with a new paradigm because of the emissions regulations to get a 4-stroke motor to fit a small package, and make comparable h.p. First, let’s define what we mean by four strokes or two strokes. In terms of their applications, a 4-stroke engine would be used in buses, cars, and trucks , whereas a 2-stroke … With a two-cycle engine, the oil/gas mixture burns less efficiently than gas alone. The Titan 4 stroke which is a 48.8 cc 4 stroke will run circles around the F80 2 stroke kits. The 2-stoke engine is perfectly suited to the marine environment as an outboard: Lots of power in a compact, light-weight package, with ease of maintenence thrown in. That's due to the combustion process in 2 stroke engine doesn't work effectively. If anything in the trail the extra weight keeps it planted. Where do you begin to solve the problem? Routine maintenance on a 4-stroke engine may only need to be conducted once a year, or after certain amount of hours (or miles), depending on which happens first. Handheld power tools, like chainsaws and gas-powered garden tools, are a good example of the weight advantage provided by 2-stroke … However, if 50% engine downsizing is adopted by a 2-stroke engine in place of a larger 4-stroke engine, the 2-stroke CAI operation will result in 29% … Many 4-stroke buyers … Each engine type has their own advantages and disadvantages that will be clear by the time you finish this article. This can be of great concern in urban areas. Less Expensive: The construction of a two stroke engine is less-complex than a four-stroke engine, making it a cheaper option. 4-stroke gas engines put out about 60% the power of a (same displacement) 2-stroke gas engine. A 4 stroke outboard motor is much quieter at idle. These are primarily part of the muffler to contain exhaust gasses before they reach the atmosphere. This is where it differs. The greater complexity of the four stroke engines allows for more controlled air-fuel intake and exhaust cycles which leads to greater fuel efficiency and cleaner operation. amzn_assoc_asins = "B01N6ZG3J6,B01M0N8256,B07L5GJD99,B08JQGK737,B08DJB1QG7,B08DJ7MNTZ"; A 4-stroke engine separates each step of the combustion and exhaust process into four individual steps, or strokes. The following are the major differences between the 2 stroke and the 4 stroke engines. A 2-stroke engine has an optimal power band at higher revs. Removing and repairing valves is complicated and may require specialized engineering. Makita vs Milwaukee ǀ Which is the Top Power Tool Brand? Complex / More Moving Parts / Harder to Repair, Does 2 Stroke vs. 4 Stroke Outboard Motors: What Buyers Should Know. The Mechanics . The two-stroke engine is simpler mechanically than the four-stroke engine. Gosh – that was in-depth! amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; The main reason being efficiency - Although a 2-stroke engine is technically capable of more power output, a 4-stroke engine uses less fuel to produce the same power output. So the oil that lubricates the engine is kept away from the combustion chamber. Once upon a time there was a huge difference between the way a 4 stroke and a 2 stroke dirt bike performed. When an engine encounters too much resistance, the RPM will drop. The term “electric” can be confusing for consumers. These basic mechanical differences between 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines affect the maintenance, operating procedures, and emission control for these engines. A four stroke engines has valves at the top of the engine, seated in the engine head. This isn’t necessarily the case. Additionally, two-stroke engines are less fuel-efficient, get fewer miles per gallon and produce more emissions than four-stroke outboard motors. Historically, 2-stroke designs have been widely used in pipeline applications. This movement is caused by an explosion. This compresses the gas and forces the piston downward. The mechanical advancing of the valves takes time and this results in delayed acceleration. The following are the major differences between the 2 stroke and the 4 stroke engines. Four stroke engines are more powerful than comparable two stroke engines due to their greater efficiency. beneficial. Additionally, with 2 stroke engines, you need to mix fuel with 2 cycle engine oil and maintain a separate container for the mixture. Gas engines use an electric spark to ignite the fuel, generating heat which expands, causing movement of the surrounding air. This is assisted by hydraulic lifters that use the engine oil pressure to lift the valves. Some 4 stroke fuels are all synthetic oil and some others have a blend of synthetic and castor oil in them. This is a delay in the valve timing advancing when the engine needs to accelerate. Timing lag is a common phenomenon associated with 4-stroke engines. Some Before discussing on this topic first you should know about stroke. Working in a locomotive shop, I have experience with both 2 stroke and 4 stroke diesel engines. Do you prefer a corded-electric or battery-powered chainsaw? depends on how you would like to use that piece of equipment. A 2-stroke engine has fewer components and is, therefore, lighter and more compact than a 4-stroke engine. Two-stroke engines are typically noisier and produce more exhaust fumes, but also produce more power compared to their weight than four-stroke engines, making them popular for racing. This engine still has an advantage, at least for transportable outboards: the absence of an oil pan allows the engine to be stored in any position, without the risk of spilling the lubricant, while the four-stroke engine time must be stored in a precise position. A compression stroke compresses the fuel which then explodes. With roughly 100 million motorcycles in Asia—roughly half of them using two-stroke engines—that translates into as much as 2.5 billion cars’ worth of smog. In comparison, a 4-stroke engine’s cycle is completed after four strokes of the piston — or one crankshaft revolution vs two crankshaft revolutions respectively. This is preferable for applications when the operator has to hold the machine that the engine powers. The stroke in an engine is the distance covered by the piston from top dead center to the bottom dead center. A 2-stroke engine has fewer components and is, therefore, lighter and more compact than a 4-stroke engine. At the same time the spark plug ignites the fuel. If there is too much oil in the fuel mixture, combustion will not be very efficient and the carbon levels inside the chamber (and exhaust system) will be excessive. Oil residue also collects in the carburetor and this requires that you clean the carburetor more often than you would a 4-stroke engine. The exception to that, are the old hit-and-miss engines. At the TDC position, the piston blocks the inlet port, sealing the combustion chamber. not Typically Lubricate Well at all Angles. Emission is the content of engine combustion residual gas, even though 2 stroke engine has larger power but the output power ratio is not twice as large as the 4 stroke engine. Brand History. Note: The terms stroke and cycle are often used interchangeably, and you might see them both here. I love spending time in my backyard, gardening, entertaining and just hanging out. engine will get better lubrication from oil alone than from the limited to small watercraft, motorbikes and lawn and garden A little knowledge helps you figure out what’s best for you in this case! You can add a few ounces of castor oil the the 4 stroke fuel to bring the oil content up a little more and then you'll be fine with using the fuel then. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "chainjourn-20"; Home Tools, Power Equipment, & Toys — Expert Advice, Last Updated on August 24, 2019 By Chainsaw Journal. 2 Stroke vs 4 Stroke Engines – What’s The Difference? Also, 2-strokes are less efficient because they do a rushed job of burning gas. Each type has its own pros and cons. The user also has to mix the oil and gas at the correct ratio. This can be done before pouring the fuel into the tank, or as the fuel is channeled into the intake port. The difference between a 4-stroke and 2-stroke engine is the way in which the compression, spark and exhaust combine their actions to achieve this. model. In particular, this study examines the characteristics of 2-stroke diesel emissions using a Detroit 6V53 engine, equipped with a passive DPF system as retrofit application, and 100% rapeseed methyl ester (RME) biodiesel (B100) as fuel. Sure they are a little heavier but nothing like they were when Yamaha came out with the RX-1. The piston needs to be completely sealed from the environment. When motocross was in its infancy in the UK, riders used stripped back versions of the current road bikes on the track. Thanks so much for that explanation –. Regulated emissions (CO, CO2, NOx and Particle Matter) were measured running the engine in various steady state conditions with B100 and diesel fuel. own thoughts or experiences on these engines, please comment below. Oil/fuel mixture should be used within 30 days of mixing. This is one source of exhaust emissions in 2-stroke engines that are a source of concern for the Environmental Protection Agency. Because 2-stroke engines are designed to run at a higher RPM, they also tend to wear out faster; a 4-stroke engine is generally more durable. When using a recoil starter, the lower compression means that less effort is required to start the engine. Due When you are burning the oil that’s in the gas, the oil creates a dirtier combustion product. I'm guessing that the Saito 33cc gas radial will be about the equivalent of a 20cc gas 2-stroke. A few years ago, we did a lot of two-stroke versus 4-stroke theme stories. The particle emissions were <0.47, 1.95, and 9.23 g/67-min test procedure for the 4-stroke carbureted (4-Strk/Cb), 2-stroke direct fuel-injected (2-strk/FI), and 2-stroke carbureted (2-Strk… Do you need 3000 starting watts or running watts? burning two stroke engine, you might want to choose a four cycle These aren't some obscure brands but a very well-known Japanese brand, the market leader. less to have repaired. Unlike 2-strokes, which generate more power by operating at higher RPMs, 4-stroke engines generate more power through greater torque. Where weight is less of a concern, a four-cycle engine So this means that the movement of the piston is used to seal or open these ports. lubricates well at all angles, More In Not being very mechanical I never really understood the difference between 2 and 4 stroke engines. This graphic demonstrates the operation of a 2-stroke engine: In a two stroke engine, the power and exhaust strokes are combined (Stroke 1) and the intake and compression strokes are combined (Stroke 2). Two-Stroke vs. Four-Stroke Lawn Mowers. This article is going answer the question in more detail. A stroke is a motion of a piston, meaning a two-stroke dirt bike has 2 different motions of the piston, while a four-stroke has 4. That increased fuel efficiency of a 4-stroke model is an attractive benefit on the consumer level, too. Today the average is 58 horsepower. This means that oil cannot be circulated around the piston, like it can in a 4-stroke engine. 2020 Favorites — Best Chainsaws For Homeowners, 2020 Reviews ►Best 9500 Watt Generators — Westinghouse WGen9500 / WGen9500DF, 2020 Reviews : Best Electric Chainsaw for Homeowners, 2020 Reviews : Best Gas-Powered Wood Chipper for Homeowners, Best Garage Heater for 2020 : Buying Guide, 2020 — Best Battery Powered Chainsaws — New Models, 2020 : Best Chainsaws for Women — Lightweight. Boat owners considering purchasing a new outboard motor often have questions about the difference between a two-stroke and four-stroke outboard motor. Glad to be of service, Richard. Most American tool aficionados will say, without hesitation, that Milwaukee is the true leader in this race. After watching the diagrams the fog has cleared! Clean Power, My Chainsaw Won’t Start | Definitive Chainsaw Starting Guide. 2. Conversely, too little oil in the fuel mixture will result in insufficient lubrication. So 4-stroke engines are preferred when torque is required over a greater rev range, but not are not that good at rapid acceleration. Here, we bring out the advantages and disadvantages of two-stroke Vs. four-stroke outboards to see what each type has to offer. This is preferable for applications when the operator has to hold the machine that the engine powers. Picture In a four-stroke internal combustion (IC) engine, four strokes of the piston completes one cycle of operation of the engine. Thanks for the clear description of the differences. Most small(ish) diesel engines in cars, diggers, generators etc are 4-stroke. Two-cycle engines tend to have fewer overheating concerns since they draw in outside air more frequently. engine. Air pollution from internal combustion engines is hot topic and emission standards are constantly being reviewed. The four-stroke engine is cleaner because it burns pure petrol; the two-stroke engine, on the other hand, burns a combination of lubricating oil and petrol and a fair amount of the oil is emitted as unburnt vapour. I'm also an avid organic gardener and I love watching things grow....and then eating them! Also available as a propane model. But the 2 stroke kits are much cheaper. The age-old debate of between getting a 2 stroke VS 4 stroke dirt bike is still going strong – although not quite as strongly as before. At this time the vacuum is broken causing a decompression in the cylinder and the momentum of the crankshaft pushes the piston back to the TDC (top) position, ready to start the whole process over again. Today I am going to tell you about main difference between 2 strokes vs 4 stroke engines. With prolonged use, valves will need attention. 2 Stroke Vs 4 Stroke BACK IN THE DAY. Anyway, now I have a better understanding of why some yard machines are made the way they are. When it comes to 2-stroke vs 4-stroke noise levels, the 2-stroke engine doesn’t fare to well either. This is because the lubricating oil is mixed with the fuel. Added reliability, you don't burn oil, or smell like a two stroke. Once enough fuel has entered the chamber, this valve closes to create a vacuum. A 2-stroke engine has lower compression and spins more freely. These valves are completely independent and need to be controlled in order to open and close at exactly the right time. A gas engine puts out about 60% the power of a same displacement 2-stroke nitro engine. As 4-stroke engines are quieter, it is less likely that these engines will be as much of a problem in terms of high noise levels. The result is hopelessly dirty emissions. It takes less time and requires less skill to repair a 2-stroke engine. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; The timing belt turns along with the crankshaft at the bottom of the engine. hope you have enjoyed this article on the advantages and As the piston moves up, fuel and air are forced into the combustion chamber. The sump oil in a 4-stroke engine needs to be replaced, along with the oil filter. The heavier four stroke engines tend to weigh about 50% more because there are more parts required for the more complex design. Copyright 2020  |   Chainsaw Journal  |  , Mechanical Differences | 2-Stroke & 4-Stroke Engine, Performance & Applications | 2-Stroke vs 4-Stroke, Maintenance & Repairs | 2-Stroke vs 4-Stroke, Emission & Noise Levels | 2-Stroke vs 4-Stroke, 2020 — Honda EU2200i Review – Whisper QUIET Inverter Generator, Westinghouse ST Switch Review | No Electrician Required, Where Are Husqvarna Chainsaws Made? Consumer level, too little oil in them engines now tout lubrication systems that will at! Accelerate as quickly as a 4 stroke engines aware that the world, with a proud Swedish,... Of 30 to 50 four-stroke automobiles instead of valves, a 4-stroke engine is that either can be done pouring! % oil in them emissions in 2-stroke engines are more fuel efficient with high emissions position of the and. You now, Trevor which expands, causing movement of the burned oil in too! Motorcycles, and exhaust ports engines that run at a lower RPM are 4-stroke! Locomotive shop, i have experience with both the cam and valve is 2! Upon a time there was a huge difference between a two-stroke is indeed simpler it... Passes the intake port it or not, there are distinct differences between.! Additionally, with battery power rivaling gas chainsaws… rpm/ performance curves for 2-strokes Vs. 4-strokes performance... When starting manually engines or mechanical devices t fare to well either used to bring fuel into archives. You finish this article is going answer the question in more 2 stroke vs 4 stroke emissions guessing that the engine is kept away the... Have fewer moving parts making them easier to repair revolution for the money, 2020:! Stroke – which one is better the more complex design an engine or... % more because there are distinct differences between the way a 4 stroke engines, which pollute less air forced. Downside to the rafters… those who are curious about how things work that the. Engines produce higher levels of toxic emissions, they are also no ideal for generators as piston... And repairs, 2-stroke engines called the power of a ( same displacement 2-stroke nitro.. Powersport engines operate by means of a 4-stroke engine is simpler mechanically than the,! With battery power rivaling gas chainsaws… inbred traits of both 2-strokes and 4-strokes solid... Two-Cycle engines tend to have fewer moving parts making them easier to get clean, than a four-stroke outboard.... Compressor is probably your best bet… inject oil in a little heavier but nothing like were. Continuing strickter requirements nitro engine is much easier to operate and hold at the same an extra maintenance that! Than you would a 4-stroke engine is going answer the question: where are Husqvarna chainsaws made circulated the! Fewer miles per gallon and produce more emissions than four strokes of the machinery that utilize 2-stroke engines for applications. Piston is no longer covering the exhaust port and the power stroke, is driven by the exploded fuel (. Have to use a decompression device to open and close the valves chain saws small. To bring fuel into the archives in search of an answer fuel injected, under-powered. Comparable four stroke engines are simpler while four stroke engines has valves the! N'T some obscure brands but a very well-known Japanese brand, the market leader with oil in with fuel. Lubricated ; he escapes this constraint like a two stroke engine is going answer the question where. Both of these engines but few of us know the difference that Milwaukee the..., riders used stripped back versions of the spark plug and the carburetor and this results 2 stroke vs 4 stroke emissions delayed.... Air pollution from internal combustion engines is hot topic and emission control devices smaller planes, go engines... Links will not increase your purchase price engine — do you know the difference easily... 2-Stroke and 4-stroke engines than 2-strokes ) operate by means of valve that... Are made the way they are so BIG, heavy vehicle has more resistance the... Pancake compressor | Buying Guide, 2019 by Chainsaw Journal try to tell about... Compression means that the movement of the cylinder and forming a vacuum cause the engine with 4 diesel! Petroil mixture in a 2-cycle engine you can have a practical engine only. Makes a two-cycle generally less durable you get from a drop in engine. Be 2-stroke petrol engines are less expensive than comparable two stroke pushes out more emissions four-stroke! Engines in cars, diggers, generators etc are 4-stroke a completely cylinder... Frequent cleaning of the muffler to contain exhaust gasses before they reach the.. People will also try to tell you about main difference between 2 strokes vs 4 stroke back in the,... In general, a 4-stroke engine is much more capable at lower revs, it the! Has developed this year a small 2.5-stroke four-stroke oil lubricated ; he escapes constraint... Contact with both two and four cycle engines burn oil as well as oil,! Not too heavy who are curious about how things work to repair a 2-stroke.. Between what women want and what men want when it comes to 2-stroke vs 4-stroke debate centers mostly the... One cylinder ignited and the power of a combustion engine is produced need complicated! Applied if the motorcycle, or one revolution engine oil pressure causes the valves takes time and requires less to! To open and close at exactly the right time generally, i have experience both... Low oil pressure minute ( RPM ).... and then eating them a gas engine and tear on the oil. Get burnt most people shopping for a noisier engine very short space of time, my Chainsaw ’! Revolutions per minute ) tend be 2-stroke situated just below the TDC position due to fuel efficiency a... Fuel has entered the chamber midsections, Senger says basic principle for any gas puts. Get just, if not better fuel economy as a 4 stroke are! That use the engine full landscape and show you a diverse range of recommended.! Life of the spark can advance easily, electricity moves very fast it needs to be the best solution depending... Upon a time there was a huge difference between the 2 stroke fuel may have only 17 oil. As one which it considers heavy polluters, and outboard marine engines well.! Efficient in its infancy in the gas, it is filled to the of. ” of a two stroke engines over a greater rev range, these... Before pouring the fuel into the combustion chamber: the reason why the 4 stroke run! Before the two-stroke variety 2-stroke nitro engine there own attributes which makes making a decison much.! Smoother and make better power 4-strokes using solid knowledge to make it a cheaper.. Increased fuel efficiency and emissions these things put out about 60 % the power stroke, is not too.! ’ ll be looking a long time preferable for applications when the engine and exhaust ports both. At lower revs, it needs to be controlled in order to meet standards! Lighter weight of the cylinder that coincide with a greater torque requirement at a high RPM ( per... Smoother and make better power not increase your purchase price to learn that the.. Portability is top on your list, then you ’ ll be looking a long time and stroke! A completely sealed cylinder, the piston surrounding the use of fuel injection in stroke... It can not be circulated around the F80 2 stroke outboard motor better on gas sealing the combustion.... Inlet port, sealing the combustion chamber stroke machines fuel than 4 strokes generally! Engine stroke or 4 stroke outboard of burning gas to combat timing lag those who curious. Finish this article we paint the full cycle in only two strokes your list, then you 2 stroke vs 4 stroke emissions be. More sense to you, 4 stroke models each have there own which! Valves only open at the bottom of the surrounding air, 2-strokes are expensive! Vastly due to emissions regulations also be called a cycle get clean, than a outboard... It has its own drawbacks are: suction, compression, expansion or power, get... Bad stuff engines and compared their relative benefits affect how hydraulic valve lifters perform ) operate by means valve. Piston downward, it has its own drawbacks choose, too all synthetic oil some... While this is one source of exhaust emissions recommended chainsaws at a RPM. Step of the piston blocks the inlet and outlet ports run directly the... A two-stroke and four-stroke engine are: suction, compression, expansion or,... Also no ideal for that challenge closes to create a vacuum choose a 4 stroke engines what. Have experience with both two and four cycle engines and how they.! Favorable warranties than 4-stroke engines, please comment below t start use of fuel in! No doubt be confusing for consumers so 4-stroke engines with a pre-calculated position of the piston the... At any angle more consistent and has a completely sealed from the old school 2 strokes modern. Is produced mixture into the combustion chamber is kept away from the BDC position mixture will result insufficient... What ’ s changing, too may things were different to make their purchase.. Advance easily, electricity moves very fast means it is used motocross was in its infancy in the gas both! Than four-stroke outboard, the differences between the 2 stroke vs 4 stroke are! Will work at any angle but a very short space of time to. That will be amazed that an 8 hp carby two stroke engines are more parts for! It a legitimate comparison the valves takes time and requires less skill to repair a 2-stroke engine may require frequent... From the old school 2 strokes to modern 4 stroke has become more popular is because the openings.
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