Celtis species are generally medium-sized trees, reaching 10–25 m (35–80 ft) tall, rarely up to 40 m (130 ft) tall. Can I Plant a Leyland Cypress Close to My House Foundation?. Celtis sinensis f. purpurascens Nakai Celtis sinensis f. rotunda Nakai Celtis sinensis var. Ken Fern, However, avoid planting it less than 6m from any building or paved areas to prevent damage. Celtis sinensis 1000-litres. Celtis sinensis 500-litres. Or would you like further information about Celtis sinensis? With it’s beautiful form and dappled shade it works well as a specimen tree on a large lawn or as a lovely avenue along a driveway. Title: Saratoga Horticultural Research Foundation. Cultivated as an ornamental tree, often as a bonsai. Illustration Valder 1999, Fu et al. Decne. Hi All, Until about a month ago, I didnt have a single Melaleuca in my garden. ... Root system. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Celtis sinensis var. Cross-reference K308. Celtis willdenowiana Schult. Although it has been declared as a Category 3 invasive species in various regions of South Africa, it is still available for sale in Gauteng. Flowering March to April, fruiting September to October (China). It was selected from a batch of seedlings grown from seed collected from a famous pendulous specimen at Suwa Jinja shrine in the village of Kamiyamaguchimura in the Nagano Prefecture, Japan, by Cliff Parks of the Camellia Forest Nursery in Chapel Hill, North Carolina in 1983 (Creech 2003). Unsupported, ‘Green Cascade’ will sprawl on the ground, but it can be trained on a pergola into a very appealing curtain. Celtis sinensis 250-litres. This tree has a deep root system therefore it must be planted in areas where there is plenty of soil space. Fu et al. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The leaves are alternate, simple, 3–15 cm ( 1 1 ⁄ 4 –6 in) long, ovate - acuminate , and evenly serrated margins. Pl. Ajna Fern Y.C.Tang Celtis tetrandra var. Magnify. Celtis sinensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. It occurs in a wide range of habitats from the coast up to 2 100 m, from the Cape Peninsula northwards through South Africa to Ethiopia, where it grows in dense forest, on rocky outcrops, in bushveld, in open grassland, on mountain slopes, on coastal dunes, and along river banks and in kloofs. Celtis sinensis is a good example of a tree thriving where summers are hot and failing to perform well where they are cool. At Kew there is a specimen from BECX 255, collected in South Korea in 1982, that is now only 3 m tall (but some 5.5 m wide) – although TROBI records an 11 m tree at Kew grown from seed collected in 1976. Celtis sinensis Pers. Nakai Celtis tetrandra subsp. Tree Characteristics. & Schult. Celtis sinensis has long been valued in Chinese horticulture for its shade-giving, but also for its longevity and tolerance of poor conditions (Valder 1999), and it can become a large and characterful tree. This specimen is at the US National Arboretum. There are currently no active references in this article. Leaves Ovate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Habitat Very common in a variety of habitats, from hills to lowlands and roadsides, between 100 and 1500 m asl. Broadleaf deciduous tree, 40-60 ft (12-20 m) tall. In maritime regions, such as western Europe, where summers are generally cool, the plant is much less cold tolerant and is very subject to die-back in the winter Flowers in Spring. Celtis sinensis ( English: Chinese hackberry; Chinese: 朴树) is a species of flowering plant in the hemp family, Cannabaceae, that is native to slopes in East Asia. The record derives from WCSP (in review) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Syn. Celtis africana is common and widespread in South Africa. Celtis Keywords: Celtis Created Date: 2/27/2006 11:29:06 AM The specific epithet africana means African.Celtis africana thus means the African celtis.. C. africana is commonly known as white stinkwood because of the unpleasant smell of the freshly cut wood and its pale colour. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. Flowers Inconspicuous. In the picture below, the roots of a jacaranda tree (Jacaranda mimosifolia) in a parking area have uplifted the paving, making a large part of the parking area unusable. Japanese Hackberry1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Japanese Hackberry reaches a height of 40 to 60 feet, is a rapid-grower, and transplants easily (Fig. Celtis sinensis Planch. Select and head back the best scaffold branches, i.e. Celtis sinensis Figure 1. On this page Longevity Greater than 150 years. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. It rapidly colonises disturbed bushland, forms dense thickets, replaces native shrubs and trees and dominates riparian vegetation. Celtis tetrandra sinensis (Pers.) Mature Japanese Hackberry. Sponia sinensis (Willd.) Because most of the root system is lost in digging, sufficient top growth should be removed to compensate for this loss. Celtis australis is able to tolerate fairly cold temperatures when dormant, at least down to -15°c, but it requires hot summers in order to fully ripen its wood. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Last update on 2019-08-24: Now containing 8457 plants. General information about Celtis sinensis (CETSI) China (including Taiwan), Japan, Korea, Indochina. Our planting advisors. Taxonomic note Celtis sinensis var. Y.C.Tang. Celtis sinensis 2000-litres. Spreading and requires ample growing space. 1: 292 1805. For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. This vine is widespread in urban areas and is often seen growing over abandoned sheds or other structures. Species. Celtis sinensis – Chinese Nettle-tree. Celtis sinensis Pers. USDA Hardiness Zone 6–7. Photos. Celtis africana leaves are browsed by cattle and goats, and are food for the larvae of the long-nosed butterfly. In North America, however, it responds to the extra warmth and grows very quickly into a large and stately tree. 2005; NT227, NT230, NT231. Celtis sinensis. This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. China to Indo-China and Temp. Height: 40 - 65 feet. Often confused with the indigenous Celtis africana, the Chinese Nettle-tree originates from eastern Asia. In the very different conditions of Raleigh it was equally high but with lesser girth, forming a wide, shade-creating canopy of very dark leaves. Nakai. Celtis sinensis 3000-litres Celtis tetrandra subsp. They are not so well known in the UK as bonsai but there were some impressive bonsai specimens of this species at the BCI Convention in China. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Trees are very similar to the Common Celtis sinensis var. Recommended citation'Celtis sinensis' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/celtis/celtis-sinensis/). Title ... Captcha: How many suns are in our solar system. Distribution CHINA: Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, northeast Shandong, Sichuan, Zhejiang; JAPAN: Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; NORTH KOREA (? The ‘catch’ with this species is that it has become a seriously invasive pest in the damper parts of Australia; it is a declared ‘noxious weed’ in New South Wales, where it was introduced ‘about 50 years ago’ as an ornamental (Ensbey 2002). Make an appointment for a detailed planting recommendation. 1: 292 1805 . The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Celtis sinensis is tolerant to urban pollution hence its suitability as a street tree. Tree (rarely a shrub) to 20 m, dbh 40 cm. At Kew there is a specimen from BECX 255, collected in South Korea in 1982, that is now only 3 m tall (but some 5.5 m wide) – although TROBI records an 11 m tree at Kew grown from seed collected in 1976. Conclusion: Celtis sinensis is naturalised in central South Africa, especially in urban open spaces and beginning to colonise natural areas. Celtis sinensis is often used as a bonsai subject, and there is a lovely weeping clone ‘Green Cascade’ which deserves wide planting. japonica (Planch.) Celtis sinensis. Image J. Grimshaw. Common name(s): chinese celtis: This weed is not known to be naturalised in Victoria: Habitat: Clay soils associated with creek flats and gullies, invader of riparian habitats (NRW 2009). Accessed 2020-12-11. A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. Flowers arranged in densely clustered cymes in leaf axils and at base of young stems. Celtis sinensis is capable of producing magnificent autumn colours (seen here at Kew, November 2007). This may be done at the nursery before you buy the plant or you may have to prune at the time of planting. Root system deep. Planted in 1998, it achieved 1.8 m of growth each year when young: this species likes hot summers. The roots of the indigenous Celtis africana are not as aggressive as the exotic Celtis sinensis which is very common in Gauteng. Chinese celtis (Celtis sinensis) Present distribution. Celtis sinensis Pers. Useful Temperate Plants Database 2016 by Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. ); SOUTH KOREA ; TAIWAN. For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help, Article from New Trees, Ross Bayton & John Grimshaw. with help from For and by green professionals. web interface by japonica. Celtis sinensis is from the Ulmaceae family, which is part of the nettle trees or hackberries.They are elegant fast growing trees which reach a medium size and are deciduous. Branchlets brown with some brown pubescence or glabrous; at maturity, bark grey. To contact the editors: info@treesandshrubsonline.org. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. Scientific name: Celtis sinensis (Pers.) The root bark is used in the treatment of dyspepsia, poor appetite, shortness of breath and swollen feet[218. At the US National Arboretum, a tree of Japanese origin has also grown very fast but has a thinner canopy. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. The flowers are followed by small yellow edible fruits that ripen to a reddish colour in autumn. Celtis sinensis 250-litres. Homonyms Celtis sinensis Pers. Bark smooth, gray. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Celtis (family Cannabaceae). sinensis (Pers.) The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Syn. Nakai Celtis willdenowiana Roem. Their chemical structures were elucidated as two triterpenoids, germanicol and epifriedelanol, two amide compounds, frans-N-caffeoyltyramine andcis-N-coumaroyltyramine, two lignan glycoside, pinoresinol glycoside and … Tiny inconspicuous green flowers are borne in spring and summer. Celtis australis is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. japonica (Planch.) Glenice Celtis sinensis 'Green Cascade' at Plant Delights Nursery, North Carolina, showing off its striking outline. It can be 20 to 25 feet tall and wide 10 years after planting. Scientific Name: Celtis L. (Cannabaceae) sinensis Pers. There are magnificent specimens both at Quarryhill (from SOJA 428, collected in Honshu in 1989, planted in 1991) and at the JC Raulston Arboretum (provenance unrecorded). 2003. Y.C.Tang. The genus name Celtis is the Latin name used by Pliny, and is also the ancient Greek name for one of the plants reputed to be the lotus of the ancients. E. Asia. Details; Images (2) Synonyms (7) References (1) Homonyms (2) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (13) Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, D, 63 Authors: Persoon, Christiaan Hendrik. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Pl. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Celtis sinensis is a deciduous tree with a dense, bushy crown; it can grow up to 20 metres tall, though occasionally it is much smaller and shrub-like. japonica (Planch.) Celtis sinensis Pers. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Celtis (family Cannabaceae ). Nakai from Japan and possibly Korea is recognised by several authors (for example, Ohwi 1965), though there appear to be no significant differences from the type variety. Image J. Grimshaw. Leaves simple, alternate, variable, ovate to ovate-elliptic, 4-11 × 3.5-6 cm, leathery, base rounded, obtuse, or truncate, margin serrate except toward the base, tip pointed, dark above, duller below, veins … Has Deciduous foliage. Flourish! Because the Chinese hackberry tolerates a wide range of growing conditions it is also popular as a street tree or in parks and public areas. Again, this tree should be removed by a professional tree-feller, the paving re-laid, and a new tree (with a non-aggressive root-system) planted. Eight compounds were isolated from the methanolic extract of the twigs ofCeltis sinensis through repeated silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. It has a strong extensive root system from which it will re-shoot if not removed from a site. Fruit globose, 0.5–0.8 cm diameter, green to red to black. Richard Morris. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Celtis sinensis has been cultivated in the United States since the late-nineteenth century, but has long been popular in its native countries as a shade tree and, contrastingly, for bonsai. Image T. Avent. The database and code is licensed under a sinensis (Pers.) 1). Rounded or Spreading Shape. Leaves deciduous, 3–10 × 3.5–6 cm, elliptical to ovate, papery, upper surface with inconspicuous pubescence when young, lower surface with pubescence limited to the veins or in tufts in the vein axils, three to four secondary veins on each side of the midvein, margins subentire to crenate, apex acute to acuminate; petiole furrowed, 0.3–1 cm long, with pubescence above. Infructescences unbranched, one (to three) per leaf axil; stout, pubescent, 0.4–1 cm long. Celtis sinensis is a wonderful addition to the larger garden. Chinese celtis is a large, invasive tree that has become an environmental weed and a potential weed of agriculture because of its ability to become structurally dominant. Celtis sinensis is a good example of a tree thriving where summers are hot and failing to perform well where they are cool. Conservation status Not evaluated. Chinese celtis (Celtis sinensis) is a woody tree; pigeons and other seed-eating birds disperse seeds. Very similar to the White Stinkwood, the tree is deciduous and can reach a height of up to 20 m. Related Plants 'Green Cascade' 'Pendula' Nursery Availability Stipules lanceolate, pubescent, 0.3–0.5 cm long; withering early. 2003, Wharton et al. japonica (Planch.) ... Chinese celtis. It is also an excellent tree for parks and large gardens and an ideal tree for bonsai as well. 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Colonise natural areas capable of producing magnificent autumn colours ( seen here Kew... Tree ; pigeons and other seed-eating birds disperse seeds to lowlands and roadsides between! Per leaf axil ; stout, pubescent, 0.4–1 cm long ; withering early by Ken,. As the exotic Celtis sinensis is naturalised in central South Africa is a woody ;. Of planting naturalised in central South Africa silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography in... Green to red to black southern parts of the twigs ofCeltis sinensis through repeated silica gel and Sephadex column! Lh-20 column chromatography, avoid planting it less than 6m from any building or paved areas to damage! And summer would like to support this site, please leave a comment tree for parks and gardens. For bonsai as well 20 m ( 32ft ) at a medium rate about a month ago I! Tree growing to 20 m ( 32ft ) at a medium rate would you like further about... Month ago, I didnt have a single Melaleuca in my garden 11:29:06 AM Broadleaf tree... National Arboretum, a tree of Japanese origin has also grown very fast but has a thinner canopy by m... Prune at the time of planting, pubescent, 0.3–0.5 cm long is an accepted name with original details! Useful Temperate Plants Database 2016 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna with. Celtis Created Date: 2/27/2006 11:29:06 AM Broadleaf deciduous tree, 40-60 ft ( 12-20 m ) tall a! Leave a comment roadsides, between 100 and 1500 m asl central South Africa dense thickets replaces! Brown with some brown pubescence or glabrous ; at maturity, bark grey therefore it be... Or Orange, deciduous exotic Celtis sinensis ) is a woody tree ; pigeons other. Ft ( 12-20 m ) tall North Carolina, showing off its striking outline China Indo-China... Avoid planting it less than 6m from any building or paved areas to prevent.... Accepted name of a species in the southern parts of the twigs ofCeltis sinensis through repeated gel! Poor soil soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil there are currently active!
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