The grey duck's colouring is darker overall, and the head stripes more pronounced than the female mallard. Grey duck. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. Yes. Mallards can cross-breed with 63 duck species, causing a serious worldwide threat to the genetic integrity of native waterfowl. All covers are made of high quality 12oz canvas and tailored specifically to each seat in each type of vehicle. Numbers of grey ducks dropped from 1.5 million in 1970 to fewer than 500,000 in the 1990s. Photo: R. Sutton, Crown Copyright © Department of Conservation. Birds Of New Zealand. Animal foods, which make up about 10% of the diet, include a wide range of insect larvae and adults, freshwater snails and worms. Pure strains are most likely to be found in Northland, Waikato and Gisborne, and on the West Coast. 2006. Water fowl is the common name for the Anatidae, the family of birds that includes ducks, geese and swans. The New Zealand grey duck population is believed to be extensively hybridised with introduced mallards to such an extent that few pure grey ducks may now exist, hence its “critical” conservation status. Photo Crown Copyright © Department of Conservation. The blue speculum tends to predominate on hybrids. The 1999-2004 Ornithological Society of New Zealand atlas scheme showing grey ducks to still be widespread is erroneous and clearly confused grey duck with hybrids and mallards. (ed.) Grey ducks have olive legs and feet. The 1999-2004 Ornithological Society of New Zealand atlas scheme showing grey ducks to still be widespread is erroneous and clearly confused grey duck with hybrids and mallards. In addition to hybridisation with New Zealand grey duck, mallard interbreeding is polluting the genes of its descendent relatives, the American black duck, Hawaiian duck, Meller's duck, Florida duck, Mexican duck and yellow-billed duck which are endemic to their local regions. The grey duck, New Zealand's endemic subspecies of Pacific black duck, is critically endangered but still hunted. The upper wing is brown, with the speculum (on the trailing edge of the inner wing) an iridescent green with a trailing narrow white band (and no anterior band). We challenge all using eBird to try a useful little key with ducks you suspect may be Grey Ducks to see if they really are. Although now thinly scattered throughout the mainland, more prominent populations are found in the Northland, Waikato, Gisborne and Westland regions. 53 cm; Male 900 g, Female 750 g. Blue-grey duck with a pale pink bill, tipped with black flaps. Image © Neil Fitzgerald by Neil Fitzgerald www.neilfitzgeraldphoto.co.nz. The sexes are alike, but males are 5-10% larger than females. environmental issues | New Zealand ecology. Other native waterfowl that are hunted include Paradise shelduck Tadorna variegata, New Zealand shoveler Anas rhynchotis variegata, and pukeko Porphyrio melanotus. No. The Grey Duck is similar to a female mallard ducks in appearance, and most birds now show signs of hybridisation with mallards. We are adding more New Zealand Birds to this list with every newsletter. The population declined drastically due to overhunting in the mid-20th century (Williams & Basse 2006). Grey ducks disperse widely, but mostly occur in “wild” rather than pastoral landscapes. The Chatham Islands are a stronghold for the New Zealand subspecies, as there appears to be a lower level of hybridisation with mallard ducks. There are four key species of duck in New Zealand: Mallard, Grey, Shoveller and Paradise: Mallard Duck: The mallard is the most common duck in New Zealand and the Northern Hemisphere. The extent of hybridsation makes it very difficult to determine whether the bird in question is a ‘true’ grey duck, or a hybrid female (see online reference below to assist identification). Beach, bush & birds, this Auckland day tour is a nature lovers dream, beachcombers paradise and photographers ideal playground New Zealand bird Tui Grey Duck Photo Gallery Home Kear, J. Post WWII this airframe became ZK-AKU on 30-08-1946 with the New Zealand National Airways Corporation (NZNAC or just plain NAC) and was named Tawaka (Grey Duck). Numbers of grey ducks are decreasing due to continued interbreeding with the introduced mallard. Although critically rare it remains a gamebird and can be legally hunted during the annual waterfowl season (May-June). They may occasionally occur in flocks with mallards but are usually encountered as singles or in pairs, and are timid and easily spooked. Nests are situated on the ground under cover or in tree forks or epiphytes, the bowl being accumulated debris at the site lined with plucked breast feathers and down. Most of the Anatidae in New Zealand are endemic, but a few have become naturalised here and several have been deliberately introduced. Vodka Seltzer Recipes TC Summer Jam About Locations Apparel Cart 0. Ducklings swim soon after the last one hatches and dries out. They tend to stay in or near rushes at the edge of ponds and lakes and like other Anas species, feed by upending. New Zealand is home to a wide variety of water fowl. White-flippered, The remarkable return of five extinct species, Home > New Zealand ecology > Native ducks > Grey duck. Duck hunting guides provide private hunts for New Zealand waterfowl, including the beautiful Paradise Duck, endemic to New Zealand, plus New Zealand Grey, Mallard and Spoonbill ducks. Grey ducks are uniformly darkish brown with most feathers edged with a paler buff. Adult. A distinguishing feature is a pattern of stripes extending from the bill back onto the head, with a thick dark patch over the top of the head, a thinner brown stripe through the eye, and another fainter line below from the beak opening. Williams, M.J. 2013. It is usually called the grey duck in New Zealand, where it is also known by its Maori name, pārera Cart 0. A grey duck and mallard duck hybrid. Mallards have orange legs and feet. Grey duck were commonly found in shallow wetlands and fresh water streams, and occasionally in estuaries throughout New Zealand until the 1950s. Grey duck have a white underwing and an iridescent turquoise green speculum on their wing (lower right), whereas the mallard speculum is blue or purple. Below: The green wing speculum of grey duck. Duck, Duck, Gray Duck is a kids game, but Gray Duck Spirits are not. Vodka Seltzer Recipes TC Summer Jam. It belongs to the Anatidae family of swans, geese and ducks, which is part of the Anseriformes order. If you’re singing “All by Myseeeeelf” into a hairbrush on Saturday night, you’ll need a pint or two of Duck Island ice cream to go with. Vol 2.OxfordUniversity Press,Oxford,UK. The Chaffinch, like all finches found in New Zealand are seed eaters. They have disappeared from all subantarctic islands, and are now rare on the Chatham Islands and much diminished on mainland New Zealand. Mallards achieved numerical ascendency over grey duck throughout most of New Zealand by the late 1970s, merely 20 years The Parera grey duck is a good looking native that is being out competed by the aggressive introduced mallard. The Pacific black duck (Anas superciliosa), commonly known as the PBD, is a dabbling duck found in much of Indonesia, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and many islands in the southwestern Pacific, reaching to the Caroline Islands in the north and French Polynesia in the east. Grey ducks are usually found in pairs. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, Volume 1, Part B. Oxford University Press, Melbourne, Australia. Lake Taupo, Waikato, April 2009. Protected native ducks include the other four Anas species which are all teal, New Zealand scaup, Aythya novaeseelandiae, and blue duck Hymenolaimus malachorhynchos. Grey ducks were still the most common dabbling duck in New Zealand up to the 1950s, but as introduced mallards became established the two species have interbred. join - donate | contact information The best opportunity to view grey duck is in forested headwater catchments and away from human settlements (where mallards and hybrids occur), in Northland, West Coast (South Island) and Fiordland. The plumage of New Zealand mallards is highly variable due to hybridisation with grey ducks, and also many domesticated mallard varieties that have escaped into the wild population. Check out the many beautiful walks, parks and cycle trails in the Grey District. ; Higgins, P. (eds) 1990. Grey ducks are nowadays typically associated with undisturbed waters rather than those in close proximity to human activity. The paradise shelduck is New Zealand’s only shelduck, a worldwide group of large, often semi-terrestrial waterfowl that have goose-like features. The ducklings leave the nest as soon as the brood is dry, and accompany the female for about 7-9 weeks, but feed themselves from the outset. The male is grey and brown with a glossy green head, whereas the female has brown speckled plumage and looks very similar to New Zealand's endemic Grey Duck, but with orange coloured feet. Remote lakes and headwater rivers with forested or scrub fringes are preferred. This is an ongoing project. As a result of rapid decline, the grey duck Anas superciliosa superciliosa was elevated to 'nationally critical' from 'nationally endangered' on the 2008 New Zealand Threat Classification System. Ducks, geese and swans. Uniformly grey in flight. About Locations Apparel. Hybrid grey x mallard ducks are confusingly variable in most characteristics and otherwise “good” grey ducks need to be examined closely for any indication of anterior speculum stripe (alar bar) on wing (white or fawn, narrow or wide…if it is visible it is probably of hybrid ancestry), hints of orange on legs, and “dirty” cream face with indistinct edges to the facial stripes. Black Duck are New Zealand’s largest supplier of canvas waterproof seat covers. Below is ZK-AKU at Wellington in 1949 from the Ed Coates collection. The clutch of 8-10 whitish to pale green eggs is incubated for 26-29 days. Title: Grey Duck x Mallard hybridisation in New Zealand Author: Department of Conservation Created Date: 3/3/2010 10:28:44 AM 3. The main reasons for displacement of the parera seem to be physical dominance of the larger mallards, combined with a marked population decline of the parera due to overhunting in the mid-20th century (Williams & Basse 2006). Mounted on Ancient Swamp Kauri wood base. Above: Grey duck Anas superciliosa superciliosa The mallard/grey limit in Taranaki is 10, and in Southland it is 15 from 4 May to 26 July. Very few pure-bred grey duck remain. Males and females are alike in appearance, and similar to plumage of the female mallard. We also stock a range of ice cream sandwiches and take home pints. Developed as a dual-purpose duck, but usually kept for ornamental purposes. Ian is the Auckland Regional Representative for Birds New Zealand and has always been interested in the beauty and diversity of birds. The subspecies A. superciliosa rogersi breeds in Australia, Indonesia and southern New Guinea; and A. superciliosa pelewensis breeds in northern New Guinea, and on southwest Pacific islands as far north as the Caroline Islands and Tahiti to the east. Once commonly found in wetlands and streams, and sometimes in estuaries until the 1950s, grey duck were the main quarry of hunters, comprising 95% of the country's dabbling duck population. Today they are quite common and widespread throughout both islands. Mallard hens have a more mottled face and an orange bill with a black saddle. It joins South Island brown teal and Campbell Island teal as the three most critically endangered New Zealand ducks, and is now in the category of such iconic brink of extinction birds as black robin, kakapo and takahe. View slideshow of larger images. Males give soft “raeb raeb” call of variable length. Unusually for ducks, the female paradise shelduck is more eye-catching than the male; females have a pure white head and chestnut-coloured body, while males have a dark grey body and black head. volunteer activities | about us | Scroll. The mallard was first introduced into New Zealand from Europe in the 1860s but failed to acclimatise. The bill is leaden grey with a black nail, legs khaki, and the eye dark brown. Native grey ducks are going extinct due to interbreeding between these species. Grey duck. Williams, M. 1981. Also totally suitable for the regular non-heartbroken punter, you can find a range of our hand-picked favourite flavours in supermarkets and in store. The Black Swan can be another option if you are a trophy bird collector. Grey Duck (Anas superciliosa) (Parera) Sexes are alike but both look similar to female mallards and have similar call. Grey duck were once the main quarry of hunters, comprising 95 percent of the country's dabbling duck population. Many of our native ducks became extinct even before Europeans arrived in New Zealand. Grey ducks have a pale head with a conspicuous dark facial stripe and grey bill. But today, despite continued decline, it remains unprotected. grey duck Post by spc19 » Sat Jan 05, 2019 11:24 am As there is apparently some doubt about the status of grey duck in NZ I'm posting pics of a pair on the river at Turangi that look like classic examples of the species - they also had four young The critically threatened grey duck Anas superciliosa superciliosa, also known as parera, is an endemic dabbling duck, the New Zealand subspecies of Pacific black duck. The native Grey Duck is classified as “critically endangered”. After eggs were imported in 1930 from California, the population multiplied so quickly that mallards are now regarded as an invasive species. The grey duck's legs and feet are greenish brown, but the legs of hybrids tend to be orange-brown, taking on the color of the mallard's legs. The canvas has been specially formulated over the years to provide a comfortable, hard wearing and practical seat cover exclusive to Black Duck. Marchant, S.J. Above: Grey duck Anas superciliosa superciliosa A large darkish brown duck with a grey bill, khaki legs, dark brown eyes, and pale buff-edged body feathers. The similar appearance of female mallard with both sexes of grey duck makes identification difficult in reducing the mallard population, and interbreeding. Chaffinch They were introduced into New Zealand in the 1860's, originally in Nelson but later throughout NZ. Hybridisation and loss of habitat have led to a decline in grey duck populations. The grey duck’s speculum feathers (on the outside of its wing) are green – a mallard’s are blue. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacific_Black_Duck. All duck species are in decline, including the abundant Mallard. The grey duck is a wetland feeder (cf. Eventually, hybrids ranging between species will reverse the speciation that has previously occurred over a very long period. All rights reserved. Four to nine eggs are laid, one each day, and packed in down while the female returns to the feeding area once or twice a day during the 26-28 day incubation period. There might be a two-step extinction underway in New Zealand. The now extinct Mariana mallard Anas oustaleti was endemic to the Mariana Islands (which include Guam) in the Northwest Pacific Ocean. Williams, M.; Basse, B. Similar species: grey ducks are easily confused with female mallard from which they can be distinguished by: mallards have bright orange legs and feet, orange-and-brown bills, more diffuse eye and bill stripes and mottled face, and a blue speculum edged with white both at front and back. Because of its similarity to mallard both on the wing and in the hand, as well as uncertainty about characteristics of hybrids, only a cessation of all duck hunting will prevent it from being shot. The duckshooter’s bag. Sunday – Wednesday 11am – 10pm; Thursday – Saturday 11am – 10pm; Our flagship parlour is situated on the corner of Cook and Grey streets. During the breeding season they are dispersed on ill-defined territories where the male’s defence is more concentrated on female protection and guarding rather than of space. A most attractive duck which sports the basic Mallard colour pattern but with a marked silvery-grey colouring to the male’s back, while the female is an over-all silver-brown. Geographical variation: Three subspecies sometimes recognised (pelewensis from Pacific Islands, rogersi from Australia, superciliosa from New Zealand) but distinction between latter two not supported genetically or phenotypically. Since both sexes of the Grey Duck, as well as the female Shoveler, look similar to the female Mallard, only a ban on all duck-shooting will protect them. home | sponsors | Roderick, Crown Copyright © Department of Conservation. Using the key below if your duck scores more than 7 it … The underwing is white. They have suffered severely from loss of habitat, and competition with the introduced mallard duck Anas platyrhynchos. Grey ducks are seasonally monogamous, with all incubation and duckling care contributed by the female. Grey Duck (No reviews yet) Write a Review Write a Review. Until about 1960, grey ducks made up 95 per cent of New Zealand's dabbling duck population, but is now only 500,000 compared to the 5 million mallards. Little blue Parera, grey duck, Anas superciliosa, found in New Zealand Birds' bird gallery section, includes general information about the bird, taxonomy, description, where to find them and other useful and interesting information. In the Hawkes Bay Game Region, Fish & Game New Zealand have a mallard/grey daily bag limit of 6, comprising no more than 2 hen mallards and 3 grey duck for the season 2 May to 14 June 2009. This species is widespread from Indonesia and Australia and eastward to New Zealand and much of Polynesia. Juvenile has dull grey bill and eyes, and fewer breast spots. The New Zealand grey duck population is believed to be extensively hybridised with introduced mallards to such an extent that few pure grey ducks may now exist, hence its “critical” conservation status. The male takes off after 5 days to mate again. Sexes similar. Grey ducks were formerly found throughout all of New Zealand, including on all vegetated subantarctic islands, Chatham Islands and Kermadec Islands. Mallard plumage is predominant in most mallard/grey duck hybrids, suggesting that male mallards mate with grey duck females, as opposed to the other way around, however, the level of contribution to the hybrid's ancestry cannot be ascertained from plumage. Pacific Black Duck 3305.jpg: Pacific Black Duck 5677: Pacific Black Duck 5680.jpg: Pacific Black Duck 6473.jpg: Pacific Black Duck 6476.jpg: Pacific Black Duck 6482.jpg Finally got around to mounting my NZ Grey Duck that I got in 2012. mallard also on dry land), consuming mostly plant material, including seeds and soft tips of most aquatic plant species. Mallards breed throughout Europe, Asia, North America, New Zealand and Australia. While this presumption is based entirely on phenotype, as definitive genetic studies have yet to be undertaken, the diversity of soft part and plumage characteristics of most grey duck-like New Zealand birds compared to those in Australia lends support to this belief. 2. Other names: Pacific black duck, pārera, parera, gray duck, black duck. New Zealand Birds Online. www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz. Waterfowl, Grebes & Gamebirds. The critically threatened grey duck Anas superciliosa superciliosa, also known as parera, is an endemic dabbling duck, the New Zealand subspecies of Pacific black duck.It belongs to the Anatidae family of swans, geese and ducks, which is part of the Anseriformes order. Grey Duck. From 1867 repeated attempts were made to acclimatise English game farm stock, but these failed. (ed.). Grey Duck: Mallard Hen 1. The three dark stripes alternate with cream coloured stripes either side of the dark eye stripe. 2005. View slideshow of larger duck images. And then again in 1953 - Also from Ed Coates. Possible management actions include predator control, reduction of the mallard population, and protection of wetland habitats. Pure grey ducks are now considered rare but no credible population estimates have been made. The species Anas superciliosa, also known as Pacific black duck, is listed as 'least concern' on the 2009 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 4. Four crested Yellow-eyed 5. Acta Zoological Sinica 52(Supplement): 579-582. Copyright © 2009-2013 TerraNature Trust. Reduction of the male mallard population would directly reduce cross-breeding, and is the surest way of reducing mallards. The face is a warm buff colour with two well-defined black stripes and the upper wing is brown with an iridescent green speculum with a trailing narrow white band. A. oustaleti is not recognised as a species by IUCN and is sometimes regarded as a subspecies of mallard, or Pacific black duck A. superciliosa. Prefers remote wetlands. Female with brood (pied stilt in background), Pair giving alarm calls then taking flight with prominent wing noise. The female mallard in flight may actually be a grey duck. It is the ancestor of all domestic ducks belonging to the subfamily Anatinae, with the exception of a few species derived from the Muscovy duck Cairinia moschata. Adult has yellow eyes, breast spotted reddish chestnut. Indigenous grey ducks Anas superciliosa and introduced mallards A. platyrhynchos in New Zealand: processes and outcome of a deliberate encounter. The bird gallery links to in-depth descriptions of most New Zealand birds. While the rapid decline of grey duck has been caused by the loss of wetlands, and hunting, another principle cause is interbreeding with the very large population of introduced mallard Anas platyrhynchos. A grey duck's diet is typical of a dabbling duck - mostly aquatic snails and invertebrate insects, leaves and seeds of aquatic plants, and caterpillars and worms on pasture. In doing so you will help us understand what is going on with Grey Ducks in New Zealand. Voice: females give a typical decrescendo call of about 6 loud quacks in a row, soft quacks in communication with ducklings, and a rapid “gag gag gag” repulsion call in courting displays and when pursued by males. Wetland Press,Wellington. latest news & events | Grey duck have become one of New Zealand’s most threatened bird species due to extensive hybridisation with the superabundant introduced mallard. In Miskelly, C.M. Competition and hybridisation has pushed the Grey Duck to a critical conservation status, with very few pure Grey Ducks in existence. 24 flavours, including dairy free and gluten free options, are available every day of the week. Photo C.D. They lay mainly during August to October. 300a Grey street Hamilton East. Are you of legal drinking age? During the period from September to December they nest on the ground in dense grass cover or in a tree hollow, sometimes as far as 2 km from the feeding territory. According to the Wildlife Act 1953, grey duck and any cross of the species are "wildlife declared to be game". This species was possibly the result of hybridisation speciation between Anas superciliosa and mallard Anas platyrhynchos which migrated to the Marianas. Abstract Change in the relative abundance of grey duck (Anas superciliosa) and mallard (A. platyrhynchos) in New Zea-land, from 1950 to the present day, is summarised from trapping records, hunters’ kills, and field studies. Westland Recreation Centre Sports and recreation hub of Greymouth and wider region - pools, gym and stadium. The crown is almost black, and the face a clean cream crossed with two sharply-defined black stripes, one extending from the bill through the eye to link to the dark crown, the other from the gape and extending across the lower face and beyond the eye. Grey ducks can breed in their first year. English game farm stock, but mostly occur in flocks with mallards of variable length be found in the 's... Pale pink bill, tipped with black flaps with grey ducks Anas superciliosa and introduced mallards A. in! 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Adult has yellow eyes, and is the Auckland Regional Representative for birds New Zealand until the 1950s wetland (... In each type of vehicle I got in 2012 common and widespread throughout Islands. During the annual waterfowl season ( May-June ) to extensive hybridisation with the superabundant mallard. Remote lakes and like other Anas species, causing a serious worldwide threat to Wildlife! – a mallard ’ s are blue be another option if you a! Pale buff-edged body feathers and interbreeding grey duck nz or scrub fringes are preferred duck... In Nelson but later throughout NZ of hybridisation speciation between Anas superciliosa superciliosa Photo: R.,!
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